FAQ’s

R1 LLC™ (3)

What Steps Have Been Taken By R1LLC.com To Protect My Online Security?

R1-LLC-Logo

R1LLC.com IS A SECURE SITE

The security and privacy of your personal information is very important to us. We at R1LLC.com respect your right to secure online shopping and make it our priority to keep your information safe. We have taken the extra effort to insure that every step of your online shopping experience at R1LLC.com is secure and safe.

These days, most qualified experts agree that making a purchase online is as safe as buying by phone. However, R1LLC.com takes extra steps to help keep your information safe.

FOR YOUR EYES ONLY

R1LLC.com helps fight potential security threats with a technology called Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). SSL verifies that the party receiving your information is who it claims to be. This technology also encrypts your information before it is sent to us, making it virtually impossible for anyone other than R1LLC.com to read it.

When in your shopping cart, or other pages containing personal information, a lock or key symbol will appear somewhere near the bottom of your browser window – indicating that SSL encryption is activated. The “http” in the web address will also be replaced by “https” – where the “s” indicates security.

WHAT IS SSL?

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a protocol for enabling data encryption on the intranet and for helping web site users confirm the owner of the web site. SSL is most commonly used to protect communications between web browsers and servers. However it is increasingly used for server to server communications and for web-based applications.

WHAT IS ENCRYPTION AND WHY ARE THERE DIFFERENT LEVELS?

Encryption is a mathematical process of coding and decoding information. The number of bits (40-bit, 56-bit, 128-bit, 256-bit) tells you the size of the key. Like a longer password, a larger key has more possible combinations. When an encrypted session is established, the encryption level is determined by the capability of the web browser, SSL certificate, web server, and client computer operating system.

WHAT IS DOMAIN CONTROL VALIDATION?

RapidSSL confirms domain control by sending an email to the administrator listed with the registrar for the domain. In addition to validation by email, you will be asked to provide a telephone number where you can be reached immediately after submitting your enrollment. If everything checks out, the SSL certificate is issued.

CERTIFIED SECURITY WITH CONFIDENCE

Security remains the primary concern of online consumers. That’s why R1LLC.com participates in the RapidSSL Secure Site Program. This program allows you to learn more about the sites you visit before you submit confidential information.

RapidSSL certification provides base level customer confidence with the https, closed padlock and a static trust mark for download and display on R1LLC.com.

RapidSSL_SEAL-90x50

rev 04/23/2014

What Is R1, LLC™?

Welcome to R1, LLC™ • Home to a number of premiere products, parts and services from multiple high-quality and trusted suppliers (offered in a safe and secure online environment provided and warrantied by RapidSSL):

RapidSSL SEAL 90x50 HOME(1) Gare de l’Est Music™ is a music production and video recording company featuring singer, songwriter, producer, performer, musician and recording artist Ryan Gibson™. We will feature his set for worldwide release EP entitled, ‘Honesty Goes a Long Way‘;

(2) Lucas Lucas, LLC™ is a full-service company featuring: Nevada LLC and Other Corporate Entity Formation and Management • Nevada Resident Agent • Nevada Business License Filings • Custom Corporate Logo and Business Card Designs and Printing • Webpage Design and Hosting • Other Services and Support;

(3) R1, LLC™ offers a number of unique premiere specialty items that are of high quality, often one-of-a-kind products that you are unlikely to find anywhere else;

(4) R1, LLC SCOOTER C.A.T.™ is a fully authorized exclusive Nevada dealer for the all new Scooter C.A.T.™ +3. We carry a full-line of scooters, personal mobility devices and accessories to insure that your purchase is a satisfying experience. Our service and support, before and after your purchase, are second to none. We look forward to being of service in support of all of your personal mobility device needs and to assist you in taking your mobility back; and

(5) TEAM5™ offers a full-line of premiere poker related products and services for the discriminating poker player.

 

Again, welcome to R1, LLC™ where our overriding goal is to exceed expectation, and never disappoint.

Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic‘ (Clarke’s Third Law) • Sir Arthur C. Clarke, CBE, FRAS ‘Profiles of The Future‘, 1961 • British science fiction writer, science writer, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008).

 

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm; nor is it a substitute for an attorney or a law firm. The law is complex and changes often. The subject matter contained herein provides general information and it is presented strictly for informational purposes only. It is not intended to take the place of sound legal advice. For legal advice, please seek competent legal counsel (ask or engage a lawyer/attorney). Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice, or take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. After considering the products offered and/or the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking any asset protection strategy.

v2.0_07/05/2014

 

What Are The Rules Of The Game Of Horseshoes?

HORSESHOE RULES: Horseshoes is a game that dates back to Ancient Greece. It is an easy game to play for adults and kids alike (Horseshoes is the perfect activity for a backyard barbeque, a family reunion, a carnival game, or in a physical education class).

1.      Flip a coin (the winner goes first);

2.      When tossing horseshoes, the National Horseshoe Pitchers Association states that the foul line should be 27-37 feet away from the stake;

3.      Do not attempt to distract your opponent when it is his or her turn to toss;

4.      During game play, a tournament consists of 40-50 points, while a regular game contains 21 points

5.      A typical game contains 20 innings;

6.      Each person tosses two horseshoes per inning, followed by his opponent. Do not approach the stakes, or remove the tossed horseshoes from the playing surface until both players are finished tossing;

7.      Once both players have tossed their shoes, scoring begins.

a.      Any player who has a shoe (any part of the shoe) within 6 inches of the peg/stake gets one point. This also applies to a ‘leaner‘, which is a shoe that falls leaning upright against the stake;

b.     If one player has both shoes closer to the stake/peg than his opponent, that player is awarded two points;

c.       If a player gets a ‘ringer‘, or a shoe that completely circles the stake/peg, that player gets three points. To qualify a ringer, a straight edge must be able to touch both points of the horseshoe;

d.     If one player gets a ringer and has his other shoe closer to the peg/stake than his opponent, that player would be awarded a total of four points.

e.      Cancellation Method: The twist in the game of horseshoes is the ability to cancel out your opponent’s points, allowing for strategy within the game. If one player scores a ringer, the points will be cancelled if the opposing player tops it with another ringer during the same turn. The same rule applies for all other equal plays during the course of one turn. For instance, if both players throw a ringer and a leaner, no points are awarded. If one player throws two ringers, and the other player throws one, the player with two ringers gets three points for that turn.

8.      If there is a tie at the end of the game, an extra two innings are played to determine a winner.

R1 LLC Scooter C.A.T.+3™ (2)

What Is R1, LLC SCOOTER C.A.T.™?

R1, LLC SCOOTER C.A.T.™ is a fully authorized exclusive Nevada dealer for the all new Scooter C.A.T. +3™. We carry a full-line of scooters and accessories to insure that your purchase is a satisfying experience. Our service and support, before and after purchase, are second to none. We look forward to being of service in support of all of your personal mobility device needs, and to help you take your mobility back.

What Are The Features Of The Scooter C.A.T. +3?

Scooter C.A.T.-Logo

THE ALL NEW R1, LLC • SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3 (our newest model includes the following standard equipment) (in addition to a 1-year limited warranty):

1. Folding all-aluminum handlebar for easy storage and/or transport;
2. Key location on the handlebar for better accessibility;
3. Two-speed operation (key selectable speed ranges of 0-6mph; or 0-16mph);
4. Two safety stability wheels located in the rear of your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3;
5. Built in wagon towing mount (allows for a 300# maximum towing capacity);
6. Enclosed undercarriage for better performance in wet or moist areas;
7. Emergency brake;
8. Removable basket (located on the handlebar);
9. Cooler (can also be used to store the charging unit included as an accessory);
10. LED Headlight, Tail Lights, Brake Lights, Turn Signals & Horn; and
11. Seat post with a large, adjustable, and comfortable Cloud 9™ seat.

WHAT IS A SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3?
Compact Adult Tricycle (C.A.T.) – a new alternative in energy-efficient transportation for the 21st century Compact Adult Tricycle (C.A.T.) (R1, LLC • SCOOTER C.A.T.™ • ADA Approved Personal Mobility Device • Electric Scooter).

R1, LLCSCOOTER C.A.T.™ proudly introduces the all new Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 (Compact Adult Tricycle), the electric scooter that will get you moving efficiently, economically, quietly, safely and with loads of fun and excitement. With speeds up to 16 mph and a maximum range of up to 25-miles per charge, the Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 is the new personal electric transportation/personal mobility device of choice for anyone looking for an easy-to-ride, earth-friendly alternative to cars and other gas-powered vehicles.

IS THE SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3 SIMILAR TO A SEGWAY®?
Yes, in many ways. However, it goes faster and further on a single charge; it is much easier to ride; it has a similar turning radius; and it offers the alternative of a comfortable Cloud 9™ adjustable seat. Remarkably, it also costs 80% less than a Segway®.

HOW FAST DOES THE SCOOTER C.A.T. ™ +3 TRAVEL?
Up to 16 mph (of course this will vary with rider weight and terrain) (NOTE: on a flat surface with a 300 lb. person on board, Scooter C.A.T. +3 has been clocked at 16 mph by GPS). Your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 has two selectable speed ranges (0-6mph and 0-16mph) (selected by keylock position) (optional lockout function for rentals or leasing).

WHAT IS THE ‘RANGE’ OF THE SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3 ON A SINGLE BATTERY CHARGE?
The ‘range’ of your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 is approximately 25 miles (speed, terrain and rider weight may cause this estimate of range to vary).

HOW LONG WILL THE BATTERIES IN MY SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3 LAST (USEFUL LIFE)?
Between 300 and 500 lifetime charges [Insure that the batteries are fully charged prior to riding your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 for the first time. Ride your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 for the first three (3) to five (5) time until the batteries are fully discharged; then recharge the batteries overnight. The batteries should be recharged frequently, at least once every 30-days, for the longest battery life. For best results, recharge the batteries after every use].

WHAT KIND OF BATTERY DOES THE SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3 USE?
There are four (4) 12-volt dry cell batteries on board (48-volt system) (48-volt lithium battery pack optional and at an additional cost; lower weight; longer life) (lithium battery pack option eliminates travel on commercial aircraft and entry into hospitals).

DO YOU HAVE TO PURCHASE REPLACEMENT BATTERIES FROM R1, LLC • SCOOTER C.A.T.™?
No, not necessarily. Your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 uses four (4) generic 12-volt batteries that may be purchased at many locations (user must follow installation instructions fully and carefully in the event that user attempts to replace on board batteries).

However, you are invited to contact Rick Lucas at R1, LLCSCOOTER C.A.T.™(775) 443-6507 (c) for all of your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 needs.

HOW DO I RECHARGE THE BATTERY ON MY SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3?
The free-standing charger, which is included with each Scooter C.A.T.™ +3, simply connects via a standard plug to a 110v receptacle and then into the special connector on the rear of the Scooter C.A.T.™ +3. Recharging takes approximately 4-8 hours for a full charge and consumes approximately 10-cents worth of electricity (standard 110v household wall outlet).

DO I NEED A LICENSE TO DRIVE MY SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3?
In most instances, no license is required to operate your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3. Your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 is ADA-compliant, in most locations it is treated as a personal mobility device which does not require licensing. However, local laws can vary. So if you plan to use your Scooter C.A.T.™ +3 on the street, please consult your local authorities.

DO I NEED A SAFETY HELMET TO DRIVE MY SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3?
R1, LLC • SCOOTER C.A.T.™ strongly recommends that you wear a safety helmet and appropriate safety equipment anytime that you operate your Scooter C.A.T. ™ +3. Safety first!

HOW MUCH DOES THE SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3 WEIGH?
Approximately 93 lbs (less with the lithium battery pack option).

CAN I GET THE SCOOTER C.A.T.™ +3 IN ANY OTHER COLOR THAN WHITE?
At the present time, white is the only color available from the factory.

However, R1, LLC has the ability to customize your unit in a number of exciting ways. Please ask us how we can personalize/customize your Scooter C.A.T. +3.

Lucas Lucas LLC™ (12)

What Is Lucas Lucas, LLC™?

Lucas Lucas, LLC™ is a service company featuring Nevada LLC and corporate formation together with other services and support:

Nevada LLC Formation Includes: Articles of Organization & Initial List of Managers + Required Filing Fees.

Initial Consultation Includes: Initial and Image Consultation – Hourly Rate (Initial Consultation – $49.95)

Nevada Business License + Filing Fee Includes: Completing the necessary paperwork for a Nevada State Business License, including all associated costs and fees.

Nevada Resident Agent + Filing Fees Includes: Add/Change Nevada Resident Agent plus any associate/required costs and filing fees.

5,000 Business Cards – Internet Special: Your order includes a box of 5,000 standard-sized (14pt.), full-color glossy business cards in your choice of single or double-sided format (priced separately) (please specify).

PLEASE SELECT/SPECIFY: Available in single-sided or double-sided full-color glossy format (priced separately) (1-hour of basic layout and design services included) (additional assistance, up to and including complete logo design is available separately – please see LOGO CREATION & CUSTOM GRAPHIC DESIGN SERVICES).

PLEASE SELECT: Available in single-sided or double-sided, full-color glossy, matte finish, or any format combination of either front & back (single & double sided priced separately; please specify) (glossy, matte finish or any combination of either front & back is available at no additional charge).

  • $125 Single-sided
  • $150 Double-sided

LOGO DESIGN: LUCAS LUCAS, LLC Logo Creation for business branding, business cards, letterhead, advertisements, flyers or website graphic design/display. In most cases the design process requires a number of iterations in order to come up with a finished design/product.

The more specific that you can be as to a number of critical factors (on the front-end); the shorter the time frame and the fewer number of iterations required to reach exactly what you are looking for.

Please consider the following six factors:

(1)   The specific graphic elements or images that you would like to include in your graphic design (logo);

(2)   Any specific graphic elements or images would you like to AVOID in your graphic design (logo);

(3)   Specific colors, or combinations of colors, that you would like your graphic design to include or exclude;

(4)   Please provide a brief business description of your company and its mission in a format that will allow the designer to gain a sense of your company that he can translate graphically. This assists the designer in creating a logo that complements your business;

(5)   Please provide any references of specific logos that you like or find graphically pleasing, so that your designer can get a sense of your creative tastes; and

(6)   If you have any specific ideas or graphic concepts in mind that you would like to use as a starting point, no matter how rough (sketches are very helpful), please email them to: R1LLC.com@Outlook.com

We work diligently with you in order to come up with a finished product that you find pleasing and that your customers will find exciting.

Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic‘ (Clarke’s Third Law) • Sir Arthur C. Clarke, CBE, FRAS ‘Profiles of The Future‘, 1961 • British science fiction writer, science writer, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008).

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm; nor is it a substitute for an attorney or a law firm. The law is complex and changes often. The subject matter contained herein provides general information and it is presented strictly for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended to take the place of sound legal advice. For legal advice, please seek competent legal counsel (ask or engage a lawyer/attorney). Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice, or take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. After considering the products offered and/or the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking any asset protection strategy.

v2.0_07/05/2014

How Do I Form A Nevada LLC?

How Do I Form a Nevada LLC?

 

 

 

Unlike some things in Nevada, business is not a game of chance. It’s a strategic endeavor. Forming a limited liability company, or LLC, is one of the best strategies for increasing your odds of a win and affords maximum protection. With an LLC, you will gain valuable protections, most importantly – limited liability. At the same time, you can keep the simplified bookkeeping and tax reporting that makes a partnership so appealing. We have everything you need to get your LLC started right away.

What Does It Costs to Form a Nevada LLC?

Nevada offers both standard and expedited processing of your LLC paperwork. Nevada also has several rush filing options. We can assist you no matter your time constraints (we have the capability file directly online and shorten the timeframe without additional cost to you, if necessary). Nevada charges an extra fee for expedited and rush filings; through the normal course of business (we can assist you in avoiding these significant charges).

What are the Requirements for Your Nevada LLC?

Each state sets its own rules for LLC membership and what information you need to include in your LLC formation paperwork. Nevada calls this document the Articles of Organization and the basic requirements are listed below:

  • Personnel Requirements: Your LLC must have at least one member. The state does not have any residency requirements.
  • Articles of Organization: You must include all member and manager names and addresses in this document, although not all LLC’s have managers. You also need a registered agent who is available during regular business hours to accept legal, tax and government documents for the business (process of service). Your Articles of Organization must include your registered agent’s name and physical Nevada address, not a post office box, and your agent can be either a person or a business. We offer that service for residents and non-residents forming a Nevada Business Entity.

What Other Paperwork is Required for Your Nevada LLC?

LLCs must file additional paperwork in Nevada by the last day of the month after their incorporation. These documents include an initial list of members or managers, and your LLC’s business license. Nevada charges filing fees for each of these documents.

How Do You Choose a Name for Your Nevada LLC?

Every LLC must have a name that distinguishes it from other businesses operating in the state or elsewhere. For example, if ‘Simply the Best Barbeque & Catering’ exists, you can’t use ‘Best Barbecue & Catering’ or ‘Best BBQ & Catering.’ The minor spelling differences do not make unique names. If your name is the same or similar to a name reserved for another LLC, Nevada allows you to use it if you receive written consent from the other person or entity, then file the document along with your Articles of Organization. When choosing a name, you should also keep a few other points in mind. Your LLC name must end with ‘Limited Liability Company,’ ‘Limited Company,’ ‘Limited,’ or an abbreviation of those terms, such as ‘Ltd.,’ or ‘LLC.’ You cannot use the words ‘incorporated,’ ‘corporation,’ or similar words in your name. These imply incorporation and are confusing. If you want to use words like ‘bank,’ ‘realtor,’ ‘brokerage,’ or anything similar, you’ll need approval from Nevada’s appropriate state department. You can contact the Nevada Secretary of State’s office to find out if your preferred name is available, or have us do that for you (on your behalf).

What Nevada LLC Taxes & Reports Are Required?

Nevada is becoming one of the go-to states to start a small business. Its taxes are low, its laws are very pro-business, and Nevada doesn’t have the same sort of formal information sharing agreement with the IRS that nearly every other state has. It is the next best thing to an ‘off-shore’ corporate identity; some say better.

Operating a business in Nevada means remaining compliant. That means a certain amount of required paperwork.

The first thing you need to do is file an initial report within 60 days of incorporating. You’ll note who your officers are and other basic but important details and provide that information to the state. At the same time, you should pay Nevada’s annual business license fee, which is essentially a fee to do business within state lines. The initial report costs $125 to file and the annual business license fee is $200 (these fees are included in our LLC bundle/package). There are no hidden costs.

You will accomplish the same task every year from your LLC formation date forward. An annual report is due by the anniversary of your incorporation (LLC formation anniversary date) and your business license fee responsibilities are also an annual requirement. The annual cost is the same as they were at initial filing, $125 and $200 respectively.

How Do You Get an LLC Operating Agreement for Nevada?

Nevada does not require an operating agreement, but it is a good idea to have one. The advantages of having an operating agreement include protecting your LLC’s limited liability status, in addition to customizing its business rules. Without one, your LLC will operate under generic state rules that may or may not suit the business.

We wish you the best of luck with your new business venture. We would also like to assist you getting started right, from the outset. If you’re ready to form you Nevada LLC, simply select our NV LLC formation and filing fees bundle (add it to your shopping cart [click on the ‘add to cart’ button]; or call Rick D. Lucas directly at (775) 443-6507 (c).

 

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm; nor is it a substitute for an attorney or a law firm. The law is complex and changes often. The subject matter contained herein provides general information and it is presented strictly for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended to take the place of sound legal advice. For legal advice, please seek competent legal counsel (ask or engage a lawyer/attorney). Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice, or take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. After considering the products offered and/or the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking any asset protection strategy.

v2.0_07/05/2014

What Products Does Lucas Lucas, LLC Offer?

  • Lucas Lucas, LLC is a full-service provider when it comes to Nevada LLC consultation, formation, and corporation management;
  • Lucas Lucas, LLC also offers Nevada Resident Agent services; and
  • Lucas Lucas, LLC offers extensive Business Logo design and Business Cards layout and design services.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: This FAQ article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm ,nor is it a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please seek competent legal advice (ask a lawyer).

Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm and does not provide legal advice. For that reason, nothing contained herein is intended to take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. The subject matter contained herein is presented strictly for informational purposes only. After considering the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking asset protection strategies.

v3.04/07/2014

What Do I Get When I Have Lucas Lucas, LLC Design My Business Logo?

LOGO DESIGN: LUCAS LUCAS, LLC Logo Creation for business branding, business cards, letterhead, advertisements, flyers or website graphic design/display. In most cases the design process requires a number of iterations in order to come up with a finished design/product.

The more specific that you can be as to a number of critical factors (on the front-end); the shorter the time frame and the fewer number of iterations required to reach exactly what you are looking for.

Please consider the following six factors:

(1)   The specific graphic elements or images that you would like to include in your graphic design (logo);

(2)   Any specific graphic elements or images would you like to AVOID in your graphic design (logo);

(3)   Specific colors, or combinations of colors, that you would like your graphic design to include or exclude;

(4)   Please provide a brief business description of your company and its mission in a format that will allow the designer to gain a sense of your company that he can translate graphically. This assists the designer in creating a logo that complements your business;

(5)   Please provide any references of specific logos that you like or find graphically pleasing, so that your designer can get a sense of your creative tastes; and

(6)   If you have any specific ideas or graphic concepts in mind that you would like to use as a starting point, no matter how rough (sketches are very helpful), please email them to: R1LLC.com@Outlook.com

We work diligently with you in order to come up with a finished product that you find pleasing and that your customers will find exciting.

Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.’ (Clarke’s Third Law) – Arthur C. Clarke, “Profiles of The Future”, 1961 • English physicist

Why Form A Corporate Entity?

DO YOU REALLY THINK THAT YOU HAVE NOTHING TO HIDE?

THINK AGAIN

THE BEST WAY TO AVOID BEING AN EASY TARGET FOR A LAWSUIT, IS TO NEVER MAINTAIN RECOVERABLE ASSETS IN PLAIN SIGHT. [1] [2]

THE HOW & WHY –

We live in an extremely litigious society. The chances of one of us becoming the target of a lawsuit is extremely high. Americans have a 1-in-4 chance of having a potentially devastating lawsuit filed against them. [3]

ASSET PRIVACY & PROTECTION –

Keep your wealth as insulated as you possibly can for privacy and asset protection. Even though most private arrangements are offshore, you can achieve a surprising degree of financial privacy and protection by properly configuring your domestic assets.

THE BEST REASON TO FORM A CORPORATE ENTITY IS TO AVOID BEING AN EASY TARGET FOR A LAWSUIT –

Much like a burglar sizes up potential targets to burglarize, looking for residences that are unlocked, unprotected (no bullet-proof vest or alarm system); or those that are unoccupied (no one at home); litigation seeks out the weak and unprotected. Simply put – an easy target. The process is a simple risk/reward analysis.

The world of litigation is no different (attorneys are just a slightly higher caliber thief). They look for easy targets, or at a minimum, targets that present with a high potential for reward. Again – a risk/cost/reward analysis.

When lawyers size you up to determine whether or not to file a lawsuit on behalf of a prospective client, the most important thing that they want to discover is – whether you have recoverable assets? Simply put, “Am I going to get rewarded/paid for my efforts to prosecute a lawsuit against this individual?

IN VIRTUALLY ALL CASES –  NO RECOVERABLE ASSETS TRANSLATES TO NO LAWSUIT FILED.

This is especially true if the litigation involves a contingency based fee (paid only out of the proceeds recovered from the target of the proposed litigation, and only if the litigation is successful).


[1] LEGAL DISCLAIMER: This FAQ article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm ,nor is it a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please seek competent legal advice (ask a lawyer).

Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm and does not provide legal advice. For that reason, nothing contained herein is intended to take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. The subject matter contained herein is presented strictly for informational purposes only. After considering the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking asset protection strategies.

[2] John D. Rockefeller once said: “Own Nothing, Control Everything

[3] There are currently between 80 and 90 million lawsuits filed in this country each year. That is over 150 lawsuits per minute. Over 70% of the world’s lawyers reside right here in the USA; and we are adding new lawyers at a rate of 50,000 per year.

Unfortunately there is no way to completely avoid the possibility of being sued. There is, however, a way to reduce the risk of a devastating lawsuit; and to protect yourself should a lawsuit be filed against you. What you need to do is to arrange your affairs so that any activity that could create the potential for a lawsuit is transacted in a manner that will not affect your personal assets. Whether the activity is an operating business, rental property, high profile poker wealth, or any other “risk” operation, you need to separate yourself from those operations through corporate entities (Corporation, Limited Liability Company, Limited Partnership, Trust or some combination thereof).

If you do not own anything, or if it appears that you do not own anything, no lawyer will sue you unless someone is willing to pay their exorbitant hourly fees and roll the dice. If, on the other hand, the lawyer discovers substantial assets, he may very well take the case against you on a contingency basis. Attorney’s contingency fees in the US currently run in excess of 10 billion dollars per year.

Ever wonder why most legal firm names are followed by PS, PLLP, LLP, LLC or something similar? Lawyers know how to protect themselves and their assets. You can, and should do the same.

The best way to protect your personal assets in our highly litigious society, is to form a legal entity that is separate and distinct from yourself (a virtual bullet-proof vest). This legal entity can be in the form of a Corporation, Limited Liability Company, Limited Partnership, Trust, or some combination thereof. Be mindful of the fact that, in order for a corporate entity to provide the protection you seek, it must be properly set up and operated. Additionally, the corporate entity type must fit your particular circumstance. When set up and operated properly, your corporate entity will not only provide the protection you seek (a virtual bullet-proof vest), it will pay for itself many times over in the form of fringe benefits and tax savings. It is the best insurance that you will ever purchase – bar none.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm; nor is it a substitute for an attorney or a law firm. The law is complex and changes often. The subject matter contained herein provides general information and it is presented strictly for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended to take the place of sound legal advice. For legal advice, please seek competent legal counsel (ask or engage a lawyer/attorney). Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice, or take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. After considering the products offered and/or the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking any asset protection strategy.

v2.0_07/05/2014

What Are The Top 15 Reason To Incorporate In Nevada?

THE NEVADA ADVANTAGE:

    • No Corporate Income Tax;
    • No Taxes on Corporate Shares;
    • No Franchise Tax;
    • No Personal Income Tax;
    • Nominal Annual Fees;
    • Nevada corporations may purchase, hold, sell or transfer shares of its own stock;
    • Nevada corporations may issue stock for capital, services, personal property, or real estate, including leases and options;
    • The directors may determine the value of any of these transactions, and their decision is final (absent fraud, a Nevada Board of Directors’ decision concerning financial matters/arrangements is conclusive and neither void nor voidable);
    • No Franchise Tax on Income;
    • No Inheritance or Gift Tax;
    • No Unitary Tax;
    • No Estate Tax;
    • Competitive Sales and Property Tax Rates;
    • Minimal Employer Payroll Tax – 0.7% of gross wages with deductions for employer paid health insurance; and
    • Nevada’s Business Court – Developed on the Delaware model, the Business Court in Nevada minimizes the time, cost and risks of commercial litigation by:
      • Early, comprehensive case management;
      • Active judicial participation in the settlement process;
      • Priority for hearing settings to avoid business disruption; and
      • Predictability of legal decisions in commercial matters.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm; nor is it a substitute for an attorney or a law firm. The law is complex and changes often. The subject matter contained herein provides general information and it is presented strictly for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended to take the place of sound legal advice. For legal advice, please seek competent legal counsel (ask or engage a lawyer/attorney). Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice, or take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. After considering the products offered and/or the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking any asset protection strategy.

v2.0_07/05/2014

How Do I Cause My Assets To Be Less Recoverable?

FOUR WAYS TO INSURE THAT YOUR ASSETS ARE LESS RECOVERABLE:

(1)   Do not bank in the State in which you live, or that has a presence in the State in which you reside;

(2)   Do not possess a safe deposit box with a Bank in the State in which you reside;

(3)   Create a structure to house and protect your wealth (a Corporate Entity in the form of a Corporation, Limited Liability Company, Limited Partnership, Trust or some combination thereof); and

(4)   Transfer ownership of your assets to your protection vehicle/Corporate Entity (Corporation, Limited Liability Company, Limited Partnership, Trust or some combination thereof) . [1]


LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm; nor is it a substitute for an attorney or a law firm. The law is complex and changes often. The subject matter contained herein provides general information and it is presented strictly for informational purposes only. It is not intended to take the place of sound legal advice. For legal advice, please seek competent legal counsel (ask or engage a lawyer/attorney). Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice, or take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. After considering the products offered and/or the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking any asset protection strategy.

v2.0_07/05/2014

What Are My Best Asset Protection Strategies?

MULTIPLE LINES OF DEFENSE TO PROTECT YOUR PRIVACY AND YOUR ASSETS, ARE YOUR BEST STRATEGY:

(1)   The first line of defense is to keep your assets (Bank accounts, securities accounts, etc.) in another State, and to avoid having a local Bank safety deposit box;

(2)   The second line of defense is to keep your assets out of your name; preferably in the name of a corporate entity that provides asset protection (Corporation, Limited Liability Company, Limited Partnership, Trust or some combination thereof) [1]; and

(3)   The third and most extreme line of defense, is to park your assets offshore.

These strategies provide a high level of protection, but they are not iron-clad.

THE TIME TO ACT TO PROTECT YOUR ASSETS IS BEFORE YOU BECOME THE TARGET OF LITIGATION.

DON’T BE AN EASY TARGET FOR A LAWSUIT – NEVER MAINTAIN RECOVERABLE ASSETS IN PLAIN SIGHT. [2]


[1] Financial and legal experts agree that the two best States to form your corporate entity in are Nevada and Wyoming, because they provide protection almost equal to that of offshore corporate entities (and they incur far less scrutiny from the IRS than do offshore corporate entities). Why? The answer is simple: ownership interest is concealed in both Nevada and Wyoming corporate entities for the fact that they allow BEARER SHARES (anonymous ownership). The result: unless you physically possess the corporate shares, you can truthfully deny any ownership interest in the corporation. Additionally, NEVADA CORPORATIONS/LLC’S – are: (1) tax free; (2) do not share information with the IRS; (3) incur no franchise tax liability; (4) have no extensive annual disclosure requirements (only a current list of stock holders and shares held in bearer form with anonymous ownership is required); and (5) provide broader indemnities for corporate officers – for the fact that absent fraud, a Nevada Board of Directors’ decisions concerning financial matters/arrangements is considered to be conclusive and neither void nor voidable in the eyes of the law.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm; nor is it a substitute for an attorney or a law firm. The law is complex and changes often. The subject matter contained herein provides general information and it is presented strictly for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended to take the place of sound legal advice. For legal advice, please seek competent legal counsel (ask or engage a lawyer/attorney). Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice, or take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. After considering the products offered and/or the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking any asset protection strategy.

v2.0_07/05/2014

What Does Nevada LLC Formation Include?

Nevada LLC Formation Includes: Articles of Organization & Initial List of Managers + Required Filing Fees.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: This FAQ article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm ,nor is it a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please seek competent legal advice (ask a lawyer).

Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm and does not provide legal advice. For that reason, nothing contained herein is intended to take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. The subject matter contained herein is presented strictly for informational purposes only. After considering the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking asset protection strategies.

v3.04/07/2014

What Does Nevada Business License + Filing Fees Include?

Nevada Business License + Filing Fee Includes: Completing the necessary paperwork for a Nevada State Business License, including all associated costs and fees.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: This FAQ article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm ,nor is it a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please seek competent legal advice (ask a lawyer).

Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm and does not provide legal advice. For that reason, nothing contained herein is intended to take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. The subject matter contained herein is presented strictly for informational purposes only. After considering the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking asset protection strategies.

v3.04/07/2014

What Does Nevada Resident Agent + Filing Fees Include?

Nevada Resident Agent + Filing Fees Includes: Add/Change Nevada Resident Agent plus any associate/required costs and filing fees.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: This FAQ article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm ,nor is it a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please seek competent legal advice (ask a lawyer).

Nothing contained herein should be deemed or construed to be legal advice. Lucas Lucas, LLC is not a law firm and does not provide legal advice. For that reason, nothing contained herein is intended to take the place of sound legal and financial counsel. The subject matter contained herein is presented strictly for informational purposes only. After considering the subject matter contained herein, it is always best to seek sage legal and financial advice prior to undertaking asset protection strategies.

v3.04/07/2014

What Is The 5,000 Business Cards – Internet Special?

5,000 Business Cards – Internet Special: Your order includes a box of 5,000 standard-sized (14pt.), full-color glossy business cards in your choice of single or double-sided format (priced separately; please specify).

Your order includes printing 5,000 business cards at a special low Internet price (1-hour of basic layout and design services included) (additional assistance, up to and including complete logo design is available separately – please see LOGO CREATION & CUSTOM GRAPHIC DESIGN SERVICES).

PLEASE SELECT: Available in single-sided or double-sided, full-color glossy, matte finish, or any format combination of either front & back (single & double sided priced separately; please specify) (glossy, matte finish or any combination of either front & back is available at no additional charge).

  • $125 Single-sided
  • $150 Double-sided

WYLLC (4)

WHY WYOMING IS THE BETTER CHOICE

WHY WYOMING IS THE BETTER CHOICE

The Wyoming Advantage

 

 

Wyoming is the best state in United States of America in which to do business. FIRST, let us take a look at what it does not have and SECOND we will then explore the many advantages:

 

What Wyoming does not have:

  • Personal income tax
  • Corporate income tax
  • Inventory tax
  • Gross receipts tax
  • Franchise tax
  • Burdensome Regulations
  • Disclosure of Shareholder Information
  • Business or ‘per-capita’ tax
  • Excise tax
  • Sales, property and inheritance taxes are among the lowest in the United States

 

CONSIDER THESE WYOMING ADVANTAGES

  • Unlimited ability to issue stock – Most states set a limit on the number of shares that you are authorized to issue. Wyoming has not such limitations. You may issue as many shares as you wish and you can do so without any additional costs or fees by simply making the proper entries in your Articles of Incorporation (Lucas Lucas, LLC will take care of all that for you). Unlimited shares may be of paramount importance to you in particular, if you ever contemplate taking your company public.
  • You can be everything in Wyoming – Some states require that you have more than one person to serve as the various officers and directors of your corporation. Wyoming has not such limitations. One person can fill all of the required corporate positions, affording you the ultimate in flexibility and control.
  • Enjoy anonymity and privacy in Wyoming – The more information about you that appears in the public record, the easier it is for you to become a target in our litigious society. Wyoming has no requirement for the names of shareholders to be filed with the State of Wyoming. It requires only a simple ‘Annual Report’ which requires disclosure of only those assets located within the state of Wyoming and the name of one person (most often the one who submits the report).
  • Restrictions and corporate formalities are at an absolute minimum in Wyoming – If you desire less ‘red tape, bureaucracy and restrictions’ relating to the conduct of business, Wyoming has got you covered.
  • Low annual fees – Annual fees in Wyoming are based solely on the value of corporate assets located within the State of Wyoming. The minimum is $50 and a million in assets within the state of Wyoming would cost you only $200. Additionally, there are no fees for assets located outside of the State of Wyoming.
  • An officer or director cannot be held responsible for the debts of the Corporation — Wyoming law is very strong in this regard and holds generally that as long as you did not intentionally break the law, you are protected from claims against the Corporation.
  • No minimum capitalization is required in Wyoming – A corporate entity can be funded with one dollar, with a million dollars, or any amount that you choose. Although ‘under capitalization’ may not be to your benefit, the choice is yours and Wyoming corporate entities enjoy the ultimate in flexibility.
  • Directors and/or Shareholders meetings may be held anywhere in the World – Meetings do not have to be held in the State of Wyoming.
  • Stock in your Wyoming Corporation may be issued in exchange for ‘anything of value’ – You have the option to use cash, property, services or any valuable consideration at the total discretion of the board of directors.
  • Lifetime proxy — John D. Rockefeller was the first individual to acquire a personal net worth of one billion dollars. When asked late in life how he accomplished such a feat, he is reported to have shared with a young interviewer that his simple secret was to ‘own nothing and control everything.’ Great advice for a host of reasons (consider that no one can take from you that which you do not own). Sometimes that is more easily said than done. By allowing another person or entity to own shares, you can use proxies to maintain complete control. However, most state laws require proxies to expire and be subsequently renewed every six or seven years. If the ‘legal owner’ declined to renew your proxy, you could be literally left with nothing and little or no recourse. However, Wyoming allows for lifetime proxies, thereby protecting you from any of the forgoing problems.
  • If you already have a Corporation – Wyoming offers unparalleled flexibility. By filing a few simple forms (Lucas Lucas, LLC will take care of all that for you), your existing Corporation can become a bona fide Wyoming corporation. Wait it gets even better! Your existing corporation can retain its original incorporation date after becoming a Wyoming corporation. Examination of the Wyoming public record will see a Corporation dating back as far as your current Corporation does. You effortlessly become a Wyoming corporation without losing the many benefits of your entities’ longevity and continuity of operation.

Lucas Lucas, LLC provides general business information and related services. It does not provide legal, accounting, tax or other professional advice. If you need advice concerning the specific applications of our products and/or services, please consult with an attorney or other appropriate professional. Lucas Lucas, LLC will provide references to attorneys or other appropriate certified professionals upon request.

LucasLucas-Logo-Design-2 WEBOP

LINK: http://r1llc.com/products-page/lucas-lucas-llc/

REV2; 06/27/2017

HOW DOES WYOMING COMPARE TO NEVADA FOR LLC FORMATION?

HOW DOES WYOMING COMPARE TO NEVADA FOR LLC FORMATION?

HISTORY

Nevada, Delaware, and Wyoming are all typically referred to as ‘corporate havens’ and are all popular jurisdictions to incorporate your business.

Why Incorporate in Wyoming. Wyoming state fees are less than most other states. Wyoming has no business license fees or officer filing fees. This means we can deliver a quality company package for much less than you would pay in Nevada or Delaware.

The first LLC statutes in the United States were instituted in Wyoming in 1977 and changed in 2010 to stay current with the times. Since Wyoming has had limited liability companies available longer than any other state and has the strongest laws protecting members and managers of an LLC, we feel it is the state of choice for establishing LLC’s.

PROTECTION

A Wyoming corporation or LLC offers its officers and directors the highest degree of protection from lawsuits filed in our litigious society. Doing business as a Wyoming Corporation or LLC provides you with asset protection and business privacy.

PRIVACY

Wyoming does not require the manager or any of the members of an LLC to be listed on a public database, whereas Nevada requires a tax ID number of the Company and personal guarantee by the owners on the Nevada State Business License.

FREEDOM

You can operate your Corporation and live anywhere in the world and you are not required to be a US citizen to incorporate in Wyoming.

NO WYOMING STATE TAXES

There are no State taxes in Wyoming on corporations. If you choose to incorporate in Wyoming, your company may not pay State taxes at all.

NEVADA ON THE OTHER HAND, HAS BECOME HIGH RISK

If you are comparing Nevada and Wyoming, please keep in mind that the Nevada has recently voted in a bill as of June 2015 installing a corporate gross receipts tax (no deductions allowed). That means that some companies in Nevada will pay more in Nevada state taxes than they would pay California. This same bill raised the yearly fee for Nevada corporation filings by 150%. Nevada has raised rates on corporations by about 400% in the last 8 years.

WYOMING HAS A LONG HISTORY OF TAX FRIENDLINESS

According to the new 2015 edition of the Tax Foundation’s State Business Tax Climate Index, ‘Wyoming has the most business-friendly tax system of any state,’ and that is for the seventh year in a row.

 

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC provides general business information and related services. It does not provide legal, accounting, tax or other professional advice. If you need advice concerning the specific applications of our products and/or services, please consult with an attorney or other appropriate professional. Lucas Lucas, LLC will provide references to attorneys or other appropriate certified professionals upon request.

LucasLucas-Logo-Design-2 WEBOP

LINK: http://r1llc.com/products-page/lucas-lucas-llc/

REV2; 06/27/2017

WHY FORM AN LLC IN WYOMING?

WHY FORM AN LLC IN WYOMING?

HISTORY

Nevada, Delaware, and Wyoming are all typically referred to as ‘corporate havens’ and are all popular jurisdictions to incorporate your business.

Why Incorporate in Wyoming. Wyoming state fees are less than most other states. Wyoming has no business license fees or officer filing fees. This means Lucas Lucas, LLC can deliver a quality corporate entity package for much less than you would pay in Nevada or Delaware.

The first LLC statutes in the United States were instituted in Wyoming in 1977 and changed in 2010 to stay current with the times. Since Wyoming has had limited liability companies available longer than any other state and has the strongest laws protecting members and managers of an LLC, Lucas Lucas, LLC feels that it is the state of choice for establishing corporate entities.

PROTECTION

A Wyoming corporation or LLC offers its officers and directors the highest degree of protection from lawsuits filed in our litigious society. Doing business as a Wyoming Corporation or LLC provides you with asset protection and business privacy.

PRIVACY

Wyoming does not require the manager or any of the members of an LLC to be listed on a public database, whereas Nevada requires a tax ID number of the Company and personal guarantee by the owners on the Nevada State Business License.

FREEDOM

You can operate your Corporation and live anywhere in the world and you are not required to be a US citizen to incorporate in Wyoming.

NO WYOMING STATE TAXES

There are no State taxes in Wyoming on corporations. If you choose to incorporate in Wyoming, your company may not pay State taxes at all.

NEVADA ON THE OTHER HAND HAS BECOME HIGH RISK

If you are comparing Nevada and Wyoming, please keep in mind that the Nevada has recently voted in a bill as of June 2015 installing a corporate gross receipts tax (no deductions allowed). That means that some companies in Nevada will pay more in Nevada state taxes than they would pay California. This same bill raised the yearly fee for Nevada corporation filings by 150%. Nevada has raised rates on corporations by about 400% in the last 8 years.

WYOMING HAS A HISTORY OF BEING TAX FRIENDLY

According to the new 2015 edition of the Tax Foundation’s State Business Tax Climate Index, ‘Wyoming has the most business-friendly tax system of any state,’ and that is for the seventh year in a row.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Lucas Lucas, LLC provides general business information and related services. It does not provide legal, accounting, tax or other professional advice. If you need advice concerning the specific applications of our products and/or services, please consult with an attorney or other appropriate professional. Lucas Lucas, LLC will provide references to attorneys or other appropriate certified professionals upon request.

LucasLucas-Logo-Design-2 WEBOP

LINK: http://r1llc.com/products-page/lucas-lucas-llc/

REV2; 06/27/2017

JUST HOW BUSINESS TAX FRIENDLY IS WYOMING?

WYOMING IS THE MOST BUSINESS-FRIENDLY TAX SYSTEM OF ANY STATE IN THE UNION FOR 9-YEARS-IN-A-ROW – 2017

According to the new 2017 edition of the Tax Foundation’s State Business Tax Climate Index, ‘Wyoming has the most business-friendly tax system of any state,’ and that is for the ninth year in a row.

The Tax Foundation is the nation’s leading independent tax policy research organization. Since 1937, our principled research, insightful analysis, and engaged experts have informed smarter tax policy at the federal, state, and local levels. We improve lives through tax policy research and education that leads to greater economic growth and opportunity.

LINK: https://taxfoundation.org/2017-state-business-tax-climate-index-released-today/

2017 SBTCI - National Map

TEAM5™ (19)

What Poker Tips Can You Share With Me?

SELECT THE RIGHT GAME FOR YOUR SKILL LEVEL AND POKER BANKROLL: Do not enter a game with higher stakes just because you were successful at a lower level. It is often better to be the best player at an easier or softer table (lower level), than the loser at the harder table (higher level). Poker, like Real Estate, is all about ‘location, location, location‘.  Always ask yourself – am I in the right room, at the right table, in the right seat? Do not hesitate to change rooms, tables or seats if the answer to any one of those questions is ‘no‘.

NEVER PLAY POKER WHEN YOU ARE TIRED OR UNABLE TO KEEP YOUR EMOTIONS IN CHECK: You won’t play your best if you play tired or ‘on tilt’ – don’t play tired or when you do not have your emotions in check. Always make sure that you are rested and able to act rationally. If you lose your cool during a game, take a’ time out’ to calm down — otherwise, you risk having other players pick up on your ‘state-of-mind’ and take advantage of your play. Make sure you are at your best anytime that you consider playing serious poker.

NEVER PLAY POKER WITH IMPORTANT MONEY: Your poker bankroll is your poker bankroll and your private funds should be separate and distinct from anything related to poker. Consider entering the casino with a select number of buy-ins and no more (EXAMPLE STRATEGY: playing 2-5 NLH – enter the casino with two $200. buy-ins. If you lose the first buy-in; you can consider pulling out the second buy-in. If you lose the second buy-in, you are done for the dayperiod!) (never, never, never access your personal funds to transfer money to your poker bankroll). (LIMITED EXCEPTION: unless the portions of your personal funds that you access are excess monies and not part of what you need to conduct your personal life in a comfortable and financial healthy manner. This limited exception should be rarely used).

BE WILLING TO FOLD MORE OFTEN: Don’t feel like you have to play every hand – you will only lose more this way. If you are dealt a poor hand, do not stick with it hoping to improve upon it. If you are obviously beaten, be willing to part ways with your hand, no matter how good it was when it was dealt, or how much money you have committed to the pot.

SOMETIMES, THE BEST HAND THAT YOU PLAY IS THE ONE THAT YOU DO NOT: Disciplined lay downs are the sign of a high level of play. Being able to lay down a hand in crucial situations is difficult and requires much discipline. When done at the right time and for the right reason, laying down a hand can make the difference between ‘living to fight another day’ and surrendering your tournament life.

PAY ATTENTION TO OTHER PLAYERS AT THE TABLE – ALL OF THE TIME: Watch other players at the poker table, even if you are not in the hand or have already folded. Watch for patterns, player reactions, body language, exposed cards, and the information made available at ‘show down‘. File this information away and insure that it is available when you need it. It may not seem significant at the time, but a time will present that it will become significant – be ready to use it. At the poker table, you must be all about ‘getting information’ and never about ‘giving information.’

NEVER SHOW OR EXPOSE YOUR HAND, UNLESS YOU ARE REQUIRED TO DO SO: Never show or expose your hand – period! There is seldom a reason to give away information about your play and that is exactly what you accomplish when you show your hand. Armed with that information, other players can reconstruct the hand and key your actions to the hand that you exposed. The more petals of the artichoke that they peel away the closer they get to the heart of the matter and thereby learn the ‘ins and outs‘ of your play and your game (EXAMPLE: some might say that they are crafting a ‘table image,’ but ‘at what cost?‘). Do not show or expose your handperiod!

DO NOT ASSUME THAT PLAYING IN A CASINO IS JUST LIKE PLAYING ONLINE: At the casino, you will have to play more wisely against possibly more skilled players. Also, your body language and tells are now front and center – on display for all, unlike the image that you can create and essentially hide behind online.  Your live poker face is nothing like your online avatar.

BLUFF SPARINGLY AND WISELY: Do not bluff just for the pure sake of bluffing. Do not use a bluff as a way to get yourself out of folding all the time. Fold if you have to — bluff occasionally. Bluff when the board or community cards present situations (cover, or smoke screens) that you can capitalize upon and thereby allow your hand to masquerade as something that it is not. Bluff when the opportunity presents based upon the play of your opponents. Bluff sparingly, when it makes sense and never when it does not.

DO NOT RAISE UNLESS YOU THINK THAT YOU CAN CALL A RE-RAISE: Anytime that you raise, there is always a chance that you will be re-raised, so make sure that you are prepared to do so in case if it happen.

DO NOT CALL UNLESS YOU THINK THAT YOU CAN RAISE: When another player bets, play the hand if you think you might have the best hand, and you want to make opponents pay to draw out on you.

BE A GOOD SPORT – A HUMBLE WINNER AND A GRACEFUL LOSER: No one likes to play with a ‘show-off‘, or a ‘sore loser‘. Maintain a good attitude, and keep in mind that nobody needs or wants a poker lesson after you have knocked them out of the tournament. Give your fellow players the space to make their exit with dignity. Sportsmanship is an honorable trait and one that you should seek to demonstrate at all times.

v3.5_04/14/2014

What Are The Poker Hand Rankings?

Royal Flush

The highest hand in poker, the royal flush is a poker hand which contains the A,K,Q,J and 10, all of the same suit.

Straight Flush

A straight flush is a poker hand which contains five cards in sequence, all of the same suit. Two such hands are compared by their high card in the same way as are straights (the low ace rule also applies).

Four-of-a-Kind

Four-of-a-kind, also known as quads, is a poker hand which contains four cards of one rank, and an unmatched card. It ranks above a full house and below a straight flush. Higher ranking quads defeat lower ranking ones. Between two equal sets of four of a kind (possible in wild card and community card games), the kicker determines the winner.

Full House

A full house, also known as a ‘boat‘ or a ‘full boat‘, is a poker hand which contains three matching cards of one rank, plus two matching cards of another rank. It ranks below a four of a kind and above a flush. Between two full houses, the one with the higher ranking set of three wins. If two have the same set of three (possible in wild card and community card games), the hand with the higher pair wins. Full houses are described by the three of a kind (e.g. K-K-K) and pair (e.g. 9-9), as in “kings over nines” (also used to describe a two pair), “Kings full of nines” or simply “Kings full”.

Flush

A flush is a poker hand which contains five cards of the same suit, not in rank sequence. It ranks above a straight and below a full house. Two flushes are compared as if they were high card hands. In other words, the highest ranking card of each is compared to determine the winner; if both have the same high card, then the second-highest ranking card is compared, and so on. The suits have no value: two flushes with the same five ranks of cards are tied. Flushes are described by the highest card in the hand, as in “king-high flush”.

Straight

A straight is a poker hand which contains five cards of sequential rank, consisting of varying suits. It ranks above three-of-a-kind and below a flush. Two straights are ranked by comparing the high card in each hand. Two straights with the same high card are of equal value, and split any winnings (straights are the most commonly tied hands in poker, especially in community card games). Straights are described by the highest card, as in “king-high straight” or “straight to the king”.

A hand such as A,K,Q,J,10 is an ace-high straight, and ranks above a king-high straight such as K,Q,J,10,9. But the ace may also be played as a 1-spot in a hand such as 5,4,3,2,A, called a wheel or five-high straight, which ranks below the six-high straight 6,5,4,3,2. The ace may not “wrap around”, or play both high and low in the same hand: 3,2,A,K,Q.

Three-of-a-kind

Three of a kind, also called trips, or set, is a poker hand which contains three cards of the same rank, plus two unmatched cards. It ranks above two pair and below a straight. Higher ranking three of a kind defeat lower ranking three of a kinds. If two hands have the same rank three of a kind (possible in games with wild cards or community cards), the kickers are compared to break the tie.

Two Pair

A poker hand which contains two cards of the same rank, plus two cards of another rank (that match each other but not the first pair), plus one unmatched card, is called two pair. It ranks above one pair and below three of a kind. Between two hands containing two pair, the higher ranking pair of each is first compared, and the higher pair wins. If both have the same top pair, then the second pair of each is compared. Finally, if both hands have the same two pairs, the kicker determines the winner. Two pair are described by the higher pair, as in “Kings over trey” or simply “Kings up”.

Pair

One pair is a poker hand which contains two cards of the same rank, plus three unmatched cards. It ranks above any high card hand, but below all other poker hands. Higher ranking pairs defeat lower ranking pairs. If two hands have the same rank of pair, the non-paired cards in each hand (the kickers) are compared to determine the winner.

High Card

A high-card or no-pair hand is a poker hand in which no two cards have the same rank (number or letter), the five cards are not in sequence, and the five cards are not all of the same suit. It ranks below all other poker hands. Two such hands are ranked by comparing the highest ranking card; if those are equal, then the next highest ranking card; if those are equal, then the third highest ranking card, and so on. No-pair hands are described by the one or two highest cards in the hand, such as “ace high” or “ace-king high”, or by as many cards as are necessary to break a tie.

v3.5_04/14/2014

What Is Floating In Poker?

FLOATING – The term ‘floating‘ in poker means calling a bet with the intention of attempting to move a player off of a hand on a later street. Floating – like all advanced plays in poker – is incredibly dependent upon close observation of your opponents, the board, and the general situation (situational awareness). It is one of the most difficult plays to implement well in poker. However, floating at the right times can win pots that your opponent never wins when the shoe is on the other foot, and this very quickly adds up to a huge edge over them. Similar to most advanced moves of poker, it is a sword that can cut both ways. For that reason, it must be used carefully and in the right context to be successful over the long haul – but when used well, it can be hugely profitable.

 

v1.0 02/10/2016

What Is TEAM5™?

TEAM5™ offers a full-line of premiere poker related products and services.

What Poker Terms Should I Be Familiar With?

Ace-High – A five-card-hand containing only an Ace (as a high card); and no pair, straight or flush.

Aces Full – A full-house consisting of three aces and any pair.

Aces Up – A hand containing two pairs, one of which is an Ace.

Action – A game in which players are playing a lot of pots is considered an ‘action’ game.

Active Player – A player who still remains in the hand.

Aggressive Player – A player who bets, raises, and re-raises frequently.

Air – A very weak hand.

All-In – The moment when you commit all of your chips to the pot.

American Airlines – Having a pair of Aces as your hole cards (AA).

Angling – Taking action or talking when it is not your turn in order to mislead your opponents. Some consider this to be cheating; others consider these tactics to be part of the game.

Animal – A nickname for a player that is loose-aggressive. Animals are involved in too many hands and will almost always bet and raise whenever the opportunity presents, often with a garbage hand (also referred to as a ‘maniac’).

Ante – A term used in poker to refer to the first money wagered on a hand, or the minimum that each player is required to put into the pot before a new hand can begin.

Baby A low-ranked card (usually 2 through 5).

Back Door – A draw that requires two cards to complete a straight, flush, or full house (Example: to complete a flush the correct suit must hit on the turn and the river).

Backdoor Flush – A hand with three cards that would support a flush, but needs the remaining turn and river cards to complete the hand.

Backdoor Straight Flush – A hand with three cards supporting a straight flush, but requires the remaining turn and river cards to complete the hand.

Bad Beat – This refers to losing a hand when you were the odds on favorite to win the hand (Example: An example of a bad beat would be holding pocket Aces against a player holding pocket 9’s, and your opponent ends up winning the hand by spiking one of the remaining 9’s in the deck on the river).

Bad Beat Jackpot – A reward or promotion in which the card room or casino offers a jackpot to a player who has lost with a really big hand (usually Aces full or better).

Bankroll – The amount of money you have available with which to play poker over a particular period of time.

Behind – A player at the table who acts after or ‘behind’ you.

Belly-Buster – This is also known as an inside straight draw or gut shot.

Best of It – To be the favorite to win the hand.

Bet – To commit money to the pot.

Bet the Pot – When a player bets the amount of the pot (a valid bet in certain types of games).

Big Blind – The position two to the left of the button, who is forced to pay a full small bet prior to the hole cards being dealt in Texas Hold’em.

Big Slick – Refers to holding an Ace and King as your two private hole cards.

Big Sister – Refers to holding an Ace and Queen as your two pocket cards.

Blank – A card that appears useless (also known as a ‘rag’ or a ‘brick’).

Blinds – Texas Hold’em Poker uses what’s called a ‘blind’ structure, meaning that two people on the table must post a bet prior to seeing their hole cards. Since they are forced to bet without seeing their hole cards, they are playing ‘blind’, thus the name of those bets are called ‘blinds’. There are two blinds, the big blind and the small blind. The small blind position must post half the minimum bet and sits immediately to the left of the dealer. The big blind must post the full minimum bet, and sits immediately to the left of the small blind, two seats to the left of the dealer. As the dealer button rotates around the table, each player takes turns posting the small blind and the big blind bets. This blind structure forces the action on the table since there will always be a pot to win (Example: if you are seated at a $5-10 limit Hold’em table, the small blind must post $5 and the big blind must post $10 bet. As play rotates around the table, each player may choose to call that $10 bet, raise, or fold. When it’s the small blind’s turn, that player is only required to call $5 to play the hand).

Blind Raise – When a player raises without looking at his hand.

Bluff – To bet with an inferior hand in the hope that players will fold and you can take down the pot.

Board  The board refers to the community cards that are dealt face up on the table. In Texas Hold’em, there will ultimately be five community cards on the ‘board’. The board does not include the two private or hole cards dealt to each player (Note: ‘the board plays’ means that the player is stating that the five community cards comprise his best poker hand, and he is not using any of the two private or hole cards dealt to him in order to make his best hand).

Boat – Full House.

Bottom Pair – Making a pair containing the lowest cards on the board.

Broadway – An Ace-high straight (A-K-Q-J-10).

Bubble – The point in a tournament at which only one player must bust out before all others win some money. It is also the person who was unfortunate enough to finish in that position.

Bullets A pair of Aces (AA).

Bump It – To raise.

Burn Card – Any card placed in the discard rack without being entered into play. After the deck is shuffled and cut, one card is ‘burned.’

Button A player who is in the designated dealer position. Also called the ‘dealer button’, this is a white puck (usually with the word ‘dealer’ inscribed on it), that signifies the dealer’s position on the table. The dealer’s position is significant because he is the last player to act for that hand. The dealer button rotates around the table, moving a seat left after each hand, so that each player takes turns being ‘on the button’.

Buy-In The minimum amount of money required to enter any game or tournament, usually five times the maximum bet in a cash game.

Cage A cashier window located in a casino where chip or money transactions take place (the casino version of a bank).

Call To place an amount of money equal to a previous players bet.

Calling Station A player who only calls bets and does not take advantage of their good hands by raising. They also will not fold very often, so you should not bluff them but you need to show down the best hand.

Capped Describes the situation in limit poker in which the maximum number of raises in the betting round has been reached.

Card Room The room or area in the casino where poker is played or conducted.

Cards Speak The face value of a h and in a showdown is the true value of the hand, regardless of a verbal announcement.

Cash Out To leave the game and convert your chips to cash.

Check To decline to bet or to pass, when it is your turn to act (the action is on you); however the player retains the right to to act if another player initiates the betting.

Check-and-Raise The act of checking a hand, in hopes of luring the other player to bet, so that you may then raise over the top of him and build a larger pot to win (also known as check-raise).

Cheques Chips.

Clock An expression wherein a player in the hand request the floor person (floor man) to limit the amount of time a player can take to act on his hand. Normally, the floor person gives the player (once it is determined that he has had adequate time to act on his hand) one-minute to act (providing a 10-second warning to the expiration of time).

Chop To return the blinds to the players who posted them and move on to the next hand if no other players call. It can also mean to ‘split the pot’.

Collection The ‘rent‘ paid every half-hour for a seat in a poker game (most often in a time game without an individual per hand rake by the house).

Collection Drop A fee for each hand dealt paid to the house.

Collusion When two or more players conspire to cheat in a poker game.

Color Change A request by a player to change the chips from one denomination to another (also known as color-up).

Community Cards Cards placed in the middle of the table and shared by all players in Texas Hold’em and Omaha (flop, turn & river).

Connectors A starting hand of two cards in sequence, such as Q-J, 6-7, or 9-10 (or similar sequential cards).

Cowboys Two Kings.

Cut To divide the deck into two sections in such a manner as to change the order of the cards.

Cut Card Another term for the bottom card or security card (usually plastic consisting of a solid color and sized identically to the cards in play).

Dead Man’s Hand Two pair consisting of Aces and Eights (Wild Bill Hickok was shot in the back while playing this hand and that incident is the genesis of the naming of this particular hand).

Deuces A pair of 2’s.

Donkey Someone who is a bad poker player.

Doyle Brunson A Hold’em hand consisting of a 10-2 (Doyle Brunson won the world championship two years in a row on the final hand with these cards).

Drawing Dead Drawing to a hand that, even if it improves, will lose to a made hand that is already superior.

Drop Fold.

Ducks  A pair of 2’s.

Equity Your mathematical share of the pot and your chances of winning it.

Expected Value (EV) The average amount that you will win when betting in the same situation numerous times.

Face Cards The King, Queen or Jack of each suit.

Family Pot  When everyone at the table has entered the pot.

Favorite To be a favorite, you have the best chance to win the current hand in play.

Fifth Street Also known as the ‘river’ card. In flop games, this represents the fifth community card on the table and the final round of betting.

Fill Up To make a Full House from trips or a set.

Fish A loose player who loses his or her money regularly.

Flash To show one or more of your cards, usually when it is not required to do so (also known as a flashed card).

Flat Call Calling a bet without raising the bet (also known as ‘flatting’).

Floor Person A card room supervisory employee who seats players, balances tables, and renders decisions and rulings that are most often considered to be final (also known as a floor man).

Flop In Texas Hold’em, each player has two cards dealt to them, and then shares five community cards. These five community cards, however, do not get dealt at the same time. There are rounds of betting at certain intervals during the deal of the cards. After the first two cards are dealt to each player, there is a round of betting. Then, three of the five community cards are dealt at one time on the board. This is what is known as the ‘flop’ – the first three cards being dealt on the board. The fourth card dealt is called the ‘turn’, and the fifth and final card is known as the ‘river’.

Fold To throw a hand away and relinquish all interest in the pot.

Flush Any five cards of the same suit.

Flush Draw A hand where you have 4 of the 5 cards needed to make a flush. For example, if you are holding two clubs, and the board flops two more clubs, you would be holding a flush draw. You would need to draw an additional club to complete the flush.

Fold To discard your hand when it is your turn to act (also known as mucking your cards).

Fouled Hand A dead hand.

Four of a Kind Four cards of the same number or face value (‘quads’).

Four-Flushed Having four flush cards in your hand, or on the board (when you have two of the four flush cards in your hand with two additional flush cards on the board, your odds of completing your flush with the use of the turn or river cards are approximately 35%).

Fourth Street In flop games, it is the fourth community card dealt (also known as ‘the turn’) and initiates the third round of betting.

Free Card A round in which no player bets.

Free Card Play Betting or raising in late position on the flop in the hopes that the other players will check to you on the turn, giving you the option of seeing the river card for free.

Free Ride A round in which no one bets (also known as getting a ‘free card’).

Full House Any three cards of the same number or face value, plus any other two cards of the same number or face value in combination (also known as a hand with three-of-a-kind and a pair).

Gut Shot A hand where you have 4 of the 5 cards needed to make a straight, but your 4 cards are not ‘connected’ or in sequential order, so you need a single card in the middle of your straight to complete the straight (Example: You are holding 5-6, and the board shows 7, 9, 10 – at that moment, you have a ‘gut shot’ as only the 8 will complete your straight) (also known as an ‘inside straight draw’ or a ‘belly-buster straight draw’).

Gypsy Bet To open the pot for the size of the big blind.

Hand The cards in a player’s hand or one game of poker in which a pot is won.

Hit When the flop cards are helpful to or improve your hand.

Hold ‘em Also known as Texas Hold ‘em, where the players get two down or hole cards and five community cards.

Hold Up  When a hand that is leading manages to win the pot at the showdown.

Hole Cards The cards dealt face-down to a player.

Hooks A pair of Jacks (JJ).

Image The perception that other players at the table have of your individual playing style.

Implied Odds Bets that you can reasonably expect to collect in addition to the bets already in the pot, if you make your hand.

Important Money Money that is not part of your poker bankroll and which should never be committed to a wager or commingled with your poker bankroll (According to Oklahoma Johnny Hale – ‘Never Play Poker with Important Money‘).

In Position To have position on your opponent is being able to act last post flop (Example: UTG raises and you call on the button and will be in position for the rest of the hand).

Inside Straight Four cards which require another card between the top and the bottom card to complete a straight.

Inside Straight Draw Four cards which require another card between the top and the bottom card to complete a straight. Also known as a ‘belly-buster straight draw,’ or ‘gut shot straight draw’.

In Turn –  A term describing when it is permissible for a player to act.

Keep Them Honest To call at the end of a hand to prevent someone from bluffing.

Key Card A card that provides a big draw, or makes your hand.

Key Hand In a session it is the one hand that ends up being a turning point for the player, either for the better or worse.

Kicker The kicker refers to your tie-breaking card (Example: holding an Ace and King, and the board shows Ace, 5, 7, 2, J – the player would have a pair of Aces with a King kicker).

Kojak A hand containing a K-J.

Ladies Two Queens (QQ).

Late Position The player’s position on a round of betting where the player must act after most of the other players have acted (usually considered to be the two positions next to the button).

Lay Down When a player folds or mucks his cards.

Lead The first player to bet into a pot.

Limit The set amount or amounts that may be bet, often expressed as 5/10 ($5 bets on the first two rounds and $10 bets thereafter).

Limp-In  To come into a hand with a call (rather than a raise) before the flop.

Limper The first player who calls a bet.

Live Hand A hand that could still win the pot.

Live One A player lacking knowledge or experience who plays a lot of hands.

Look When a player calls the final bet before the show-down.

Loose To play more hands than advisable.

Main Pot The center or main pot. Any other bets are placed in a side pot(s) and are contested among remaining players (Example: this occurs when a player(s) goes all-in for less money in the stacks of other players).

Maniac A very aggressive player who plays a lot of hands.

Middle Pair To have a pair containing the second highest card on the board.

Middle Position A location somewhere between early and late positions on a specific round of betting (the fifth, sixth and seventh seats to the left of the button).

Minimum Buy-In The least amount you can enter a game of poker with.

Miscall An incorrect verbal declaration of the ranking of a hand.

Misdeal – A mistake by the dealer on the dealing of a hand that causes the cards to be reshuffled and a new hand to be dealt.

Monster – A very big hand. In a tournament, a player who begins to accumulate chips after having a small stack is also considered to be a monster.

Muck – To discard a hand (also a term that describes the pile of cards maintained by the dealer containing all cards discarded by players at the table).

No-Limit (NL) – A game where players can bet as much as they like (limited only by the size of their stack) on any round of betting.

Nuts – The best hand possible.

Odds – The probability of making a hand versus the probability of not making a hand.

Off Suit – Cards of differing suits.

Omaha – A game in which each player is dealt four down cards with five community cards. To make your hand, you must play two cards from your hand and three from the board.

Open – To make the first or initial bet on a given round of betting.

Open-Ended Straight – Four consecutive or sequential cards whereby one additional (consecutive or sequential) card is needed at either end to make a straight.

Option – When it is the Big Blind’s turn to act and he has the option of checking or raising the action.

Outs – Cards yet to come that will improve your hand.

Over Card – A card that is higher than other cards, usually in reference to the community cards.

Paint(s) – Face card(s) (Kings; Queens or Jacks).

Pair – Two cards that are the same rank.

Playing the Board – When your best five-card-hand consists of the five cards on the board (Note: The cards on the board are also referred to as ‘community cards’) (also known as using all five community cards as your hand in Hold’em).

Pocket Rockets – Pair of Aces.

Position – Your place in the order of betting action that your seat commands for a particular hand. If you are the first to act first then you are in first position (also known as the order in which you act in a particular hand).

Post – To post a blind so you can enter the hand.

Pot – All the money that has been placed in the middle including all bets, blinds and antes.

Pot Odds – The mathematical computation of the odds of your hand improving, the amount of money in the pot, and the size of the bet that you must call.

Prop – Someone who gets paid by a poker room to play in their games, usually to start games or play in shorthanded games.

Quads – Four of a kind (such as four aces).

Re-Raise An increase in a wager at least the size of the previous bet which occurs after a raise.

Rake The house percentage taken from each pot on a per-hand basis (usually 10% to maximum of $4 or $5).

Rags – Weak cards; usually low cards.

Railbird – Someone who is watching a game on the rail.

Raise – To place a higher bet than an opponent has already placed.

Rake – The amount a card room takes from each pot, usually a percentage that has a set upper limit.

Read – An assumption as to what cards a player has.

Re-Raise – To raise after an opponent has raised (also known as two bet).

River – The last remaining community card after which there is one final round of betting.

Rivered – To get beat by a hand that is made on the river.

Rock – This is an extremely tight player at the table.

Round – When the button has moved completely around the table and everyone has had a chance to deal.

‘Rounders’ – A popular poker movie starring Matt Damon.

Royal Flush – The best possible hand, a royal flush is a straight flush involving the Ten, Jack, Queen, King and Ace.

Runner-Runner – To hit both the turn and the river card to make your hand.

Scramble A face-down mixing of the cards.

Seat Charge – The amount of money some card rooms charge per hour to play in addition to, or in place of, a rake (a time game).

Semi-Bluff – To bet with a hand that may not be the best hand but has a good chance to improve to (or become) the best hand.

Set – Three-of-a-kind (two cards in your hand that match one card on the board) (Note: trips are three-of-a-kind in which one of your hole cards match two cards on the board).

Setup Two suited decks of cards, each with a different color backing, to replace the current decks in play.

Short Buy A buy-in that is than the required minimum buy-in.

Short Stacked – To possess the smallest stack of chips at the poker table.

Showdown – The final act of determining the winner of the pot after all betting has been completed.

Shuffle The act by the dealer of randomly mixing the cards before the start of the hand.

Side Pot – An additional pot made when one player is all-in and two or more other players are still involved in the hand.

Small Blind – The amount put in the pot by the person immediately to the left of the dealer ‘button’ prior to the cards being dealt (also known as the smallest blind in a multiple blind game).

Solid – A fairly tight player (a good player).

Speed Limit – A pair of 5’s.

Stay – When a player remains in the game by calling, rather than raising.

Steal – To force the other player to fold when you don’t have the best hand.

Steel Wheel – A five high straight (A-2-3-4-5) of the same suit.

Straddle – A straddle is an additional blind bet which is usually double the size of the big blind (and that player may raise when the action gets to him) in a multiple blind game.

Straight – Five sequential or consecutive cards of any suit.

Straight Flush – Five sequential or consecutive cards of the same suit.

String Bet or Raise – A bet made in more than one motion, without declaration of a raise [Example: the player pushes chips forward (committing them to the pot) and then returns to his stack for additional chips].

Stuck – A player who is losing in a game.

Suited – Cards of the same suit (such as 8 and 9).

Table Stakes (1) The amount of money that you have in front of you at the table. This is the maximum amount that you can win or lose on any one hand; (2) The requirement that players can wager only the amount of money in front of them at the start of a hand, and can only buy more chips in-between hands.

Tell – An action that a player makes that gives away the strength of their hand.

Texas Hold’em – This is also the name for Hold’em, the most popular form of poker.

The Nuts – The best possible poker hand, based upon a combination of the players hole cards and the board or community cards.

Three of Kind – Three cards of the face value.

Tight – To play fewer hands than normal.

Tilt – When a player is emotionally upset and starts making poor decisions (also known as on-tilt).

‘Time’ – An expression used to stop or pause the action during a hand.

Top Pair – When the player pairs one of his down cards with the highest card on board.

Treys – A pair of 3’s.

Trips – Three-of-a-kind (two cards on the board match one in your hand) (Note: a set is three-of-a-kind in which two of your hole cards match one of the cards on the board).

Turn – This is the fourth community card dealt and instigates the third round of betting.

Two Pair – A hand consisting of two different pairs.

Under the Gun – The first person who must act on the first round of betting (UTG).

Up Card – A card that is dealt face-up.

Walking Sticks – A pair of sevens (77).

Wired Pair – When your hole cards contain a pair.

Worst Hand – A losing hand.

WPT – The World Poker Tour.

WSOP® – World Series of Poker®.

v18_10.06.2014

What Is Relative Hand Strength?

RELATIVE HAND STRENGTH: With position in mind, consider your relative hand strength. How strong is your hand from a starting cards perspective? The best two cards that you can look down to see obviously is a pair of aces. However, that is only going to happen once every approximate 220 hands, on average. The worst two cards that you can look down and see pre-flop is 7-2 off-suit. So if A-A and 7-2 off-suit are the extremes, what hands should you play? The answer is most often ‘that depends’. Should you play a middle pair from early position? That is up to you and depends on your unique style of play. Having that same middle pair in late position with a number of players having folded, is a much better situation than having that hand as ‘the first to act.’ A pair of aces against a full table of players wins just under half of the time (assuming that everyone kept their cards for the purpose of this example), but against only one other player it wins better than 4 out of 5 times, on average. So, if you end up with A-A or a strong hand, the odds of winning the pot with that hand increase relative to the number of opponents you play it against. Therefore, it is always better to ‘thin the field’ and ‘protect your hand’ and use position to your advantage.

Understanding the concept of ‘less is more’ in terms of number of opponents is an important concept to grasp. When you have a good hand, isolate. Isolating your opponents and paring down the field improves your chances of dragging the pot your way – a higher percentage of the time.

v2.03222014

What Is Position Play?

POSITION: Position is one of the most basic rudimentary concepts in all of poker; and it is a very important concept to understand as a beginning poker player. Poker is played around a table usually with 9-10 other players (Stud games are played 8-handed). The dealer button is ground zero for the deal for the hand in question. That is the perspective from which the hand is dealt. If you are to the immediate left of the button, you are the small blind and the ’first to act’ in subsequent betting rounds to the pre-flop betting. In the first round, since you have posted a blind, you act second to last and can opt to call or raise, for the fact that you have but one-half of the big blind committed to the pot. The big blind is to your immediate left. The big blind acts last in the pre-flop betting action, but the big blind (hereinafter SB and BB respectively) has an option to raise in the pre-flop action, if no one other player has raised his big blind.

Think of the button again as the focal point of the action and remember that it rotates clockwise (changes or progresses) every hand. This POSITION gets to act last in each betting round. This is a very powerful advantage in the game of poker. The action starts with the player to the left of the button. As players decide to bet, call, raise, or fold, the player on the button has the advantage of seeing the action of all the other players before he is required to make any decisions. [EXAMPLE: You have a pair of sevens (7-7) in your hand. There has been a bet, a raise, and two calls when it gets around to you. It is safe to say that your sevens have shrunk up a bit and right now you probably do not have the best hand. If the raise was a large one, you should likely fold. This is not information that the person to your left, in the SB position had when they originally opened the betting. When the action gets back to that person, they have the choice of folding their investment in the pot, or calling (or re-raising) the raise. You do not have that burden. Your decision can be made with zero investment in the pot at this point. Compared to the player in the small blind, you are buying a stock today knowing exactly what the price is tomorrow. You have insider information and a big advantage because of your position at the table].

As the last player to act, you can also opt to close the betting by calling. No one can raise or re-raise unless you re-open the betting by raising the bet when the action comes to you. Other players have the ability to raise and re-raise, but when it gets to you, you can close the betting.

v3.5_04/14/2014

What Are Outs?

OUTS:Three strikes, you’re out’ is a common baseball term. Three outs and an inning is over in a baseball game. In poker, an ‘out’ is used to refer to the remaining number of cards in the deck that will make or complete your hand. For example, let’s say that you have KsQs in your hand and the board is Ts-4s-Ad. You need another spade to hit a flush. How many spades are there left in the deck? Well, there are 13 of every suit, right? You have two spades in your hand with two of them on the board. So, of the known cards, (your pocket cards and the community cards) four of them are spades. That means that you can estimate that there are 9 additional spades remaining in the deck. Now, players could have folded their pocket spades, thereby making them unavailable for you to hit them on the turn card or river card, however we have now way of knowing that with certainty. So, we will keep it simple and estimate that there are 9 spades ‘somewhere’ in the deck. Knowing that there are nine spades left, those spades are what we refer to as our ‘outs’. Our opponent is betting and we are calling, hoping that we hit one of those remaining spades. We have now way of ascertaining what our opponent’s hand is of course, but through his actions we will put him on a hand, that is to say, we will mentally assume he has a specific hand. Based on what he has done, let’s say we deduce that he likely has at least an ace in his hand. So he has at least a pair-of-aces as his hand. We know that we are drawing and assume that we need to hit one of our spade outs to beat him (we have other ways to win, but for this example we will explore only hitting our flush). How many cards are in the deck in total? 52. And again, we know what 5 of them are after the flop. After the turn, we will know what 6 of them are (two in the pocket and the board four community cards). So, before the turn card, what are our chances of hitting a spade? Well, on the turn it would be 9 of the 46 unknowns. 9/46 is .1956. So our chances are 9 in 46, or roughly just under 20%. If we stuck around for the river card, we would have an additional shot of 9/45. It might get costly to call though as our opponent will bet to get rid of us and try to ‘take-it-down‘ right there. Unless you have ‘the nuts’ (the best possible hand) then you do not want to give opponents a chance to draw out on you. In this case, the opponent would not want us to hit one of those 9 spades. If he is a skilled player, he will recognize the possibilities and bet enough to insure that we never see the cards to come.

There is actually a simple way to calculate a reasonable approximation of your odds of making that flush, or whatever hand the case may be. It is called ‘the rule of 2 and 4’ (explained under separate FAQ title).

v2.03222014

What Is The Rule Of 2 & 4?

THE RULE OF 2 AND 4: Now that we understand how to determine our number of outs, we can further explore ‘the rule of 2 and 4.’ In the case of our flush draw, we have 9 outs.

The rule of 2 and 4’ works like this:

With the turn and river still to come, we have 2 chances to hit one of our 9 outs. It is just under 20% in terms of our chance to hit our flush with one attempt (river only); and with two attempts (turn & river) our odds increase to about 35%.  Here is the ‘rule of 2 and 4‘ calculation: With nine outs, on the turn we take our outs and multiply by 4 (4 x 9 = 36, or approximately 36%). That is a close estimation of the actual 35% odds of hitting our flush with the turn and river to come. With only the river to come, we multiply by 2 (9 x 2= 18, or approximately 18%). Those are both very close approximations of the actual probability figures. This is a quick-and-easy way to estimate our odds and decide if it is worth paying to see the cards that are yet to come on the ‘turn‘ and ‘river‘.

The remaining factor in the decision making process worthy of consideration is, ‘How much money is in the pot?’ Why is this important you ask? It is important because if you do not have reasonable ‘pot odds‘, you should not call the bet. ‘Pot odds‘ are further explained under separate title in the FAQ’s.

v2.03222014

What Are Pot Odds?

POT ODDS: Now that we know how to calculate outs and figure out the chances or odds of hitting the required cards to make (complete) our hand, we will shift focus to examining the size of the pot. For example, if there is $100 in the pot, we are faced with the flush draw situation that we just explored and we figure our opponent has a straight. Therefore, we need to hit our flush in order to win the pot. Our opponent bets $50. That means there is $150 in the pot now and we have to call $50 to win that amount. $50 to win $150 translates to 3-to-1 odds. Again, what are the chances of hitting our flush in terms of percentage? About 19%, based upon our gouge (‘rule of thumb‘) ‘rule of 2 and 4‘ calculations for a single card draw. However, if we remained in the hand all the way to the river and had yet another chance at hitting or completing our hand – that would translate to roughly 36%. 36% is slightly better than 2-to-1 odds (33.333% being 2:1 of course). So we can deduce that we are getting paid 3-to-1 on a 2-to-1 draw. Sound reasonable? Yes, it is. But as we deduced above, the answer to anything in poker is often ‘it depends’. It is good if our opponent has all of his money committed to the pot and we are not on-the-hook for another round of betting (which would make it even more expensive for us to call on the river). Prior to acting on your calculations, consider how situations like this are likely to play out before you commit yourself to getting involved in a process that it not yet complete. Think it all the way through.

There is another way to view odds that can be even more interesting. With pot odds we are assuming no more money is going to be placed into that pot when we calculate the percentages. What if we had some disguised hand that our opponent was not likely to put us on? We might call a long-odds draw in a situation where we believe that we will win the pot, AND ALL OF THE OTHER PLAYERS CHIPS (THEIR ENTIRE STACK) – if we hit our draw. These are what are called ‘implied odds’ and are discussed under a different title in the FAQ’s.

v2.03222014

What Are Implied Odds?

IMPLIED ODDS: In our example above, we were getting paid 3-to-1 on a 2-to-1 draw chance. We concluded that was good. But what if our opponent had $8,500 additional chips in his stack? What if the situation was a straight flush draw and not just a flush draw and we think our opponent has trips or something strong that he would call with? Maybe we think he has the Ace high or nut flush. We would win if we hit our draw and the straight flush. The pot may have insufficient odds in it to make us think about calling assuming he has the best hand right now. However, in some situations, we have to consider the possibility that if we hit our miracle card, we would also get a call from the player for an all-in bet we would make thereafter. That makes the odds a lot bigger than just what is just in the pot. Whereas above we had a situation where we had to call $50 to win $150, if we hit an open ended straight flush draw and we concluded that we would get an all-in call from our opponent because he has hit his ace high or nut flush. We would have to take our opponents $8,500 remaining chips into account as we calculate our odds. Now we would be getting a lot more than just 3-to-1 if we hit our miracle card. These are what are referred to as ‘implied odds.’

v2.03222014

What Does Position Play Look Like Graphically?

 

Dealer or Button:
This is the most desirable position at the poker table, since the player in that position is the last to act on the flop, turn, and river.

Under the Gun (“UTG”)
This player is to the left of the big blind and the first player to act pre-flop (considered to be the worst position in Texas Hold’em, but a player under the gun will actually have a better position post-flop than either the small or big blind).

Big Blind (“BB”)
This is the player to the left of the small blind (unless the game is heads-up).

Small Blind (“SB”)
This player is directly to the left of the button unless the game is heads-up.

Cutoff
This is the player to the right of the button. It is called the cutoff because that position often “cuts off” the dealer’s ability to steal blinds by betting.

Hijack
This is the player to the right of the cutoff. At full table it functions a lot like the cutoff position.

Heads-Up Exception
When play is heads-up, the player on the button is the small blind and the other player is the big blind. When heads-up play commences, the only exception to normal button rotation accounts for the fact that no player can be the big blind twice consecutively; therefore the button is positioned in heads-up play accordingly (occasionally contradicting the normal clockwise rotation).

NOTES

(1) Position is also described in terms of ‘early position‘, ‘middle position‘, and ‘late position‘. These terms are often abbreviated ‘EP‘, ‘MP‘, and ‘LP‘.

(2) Players in ‘early position‘ are some of the first to act in a betting round, like the player who is under the gun.

(3) ‘Late position‘ players are some of the last to act in a betting round, like the cutoff seat and the player on the button; and

(4)Middle position‘ is all positions in-between early and late.

v2.03222014

What Is The Genesis Of The Poker Term ‘The Nuts’?

What is the Genesis of the Poker Term – ‘The Nuts‘?

Texas Hold’em originated in the Old West. Legend or poker lore has it that whenever a Texas Hold’em poker player felt that he/she had the ‘best possible‘ or essentially an ‘unbeatable hand‘ (one that they were willing to bet the ‘ranch’ on, or the ‘pink slip’ in today’s terminology), they would exit the saloon and remove two of the ‘nuts‘ from the wagon wheels and upon their return to the poker table, place them (one from each hand) squarely on the poker table while emphatically stating, ‘I am betting the nuts!‘, or ‘I have the nuts!

Thereafter, whenever a player felt that they had a hand that they were willing to go ‘to war‘ or ‘all the way‘ with or that was in their mind unbeatable, they are said to have ‘the nuts.’

v3.07052014

What Is The Story/History Behind The NFL Challenge Coins?

NFL CHALLENGE COINS AS POKER CARD PROTECTORS + THE WWI TRADITION

The NFL Challenge Coin is 1 & 3/4″ in diameter and made of die-cast pewter with colored enamel poured by hand and baked to harden. Due to their size and weight, the challenge coins make great poker card protectors. They are larger and heavier than a poker chip.

Each Challenge Coin is two-sided – see below for a sample of the front and the back:

NFL CHALLENGE COIN What is the Story/History Behind the NFL Challenge Coins?

THE TRADITION

Like so many other aspects of military tradition, the origins of the challenge coin are a matter of significant debate with little in the way of supporting evidence. While many organizations and services claim to have been the originators of the challenge coin, the most commonly held view is that the tradition began in the United States Army Air Service (forerunner to the United States Air Force).

Air warfare was a new phenomenon during World War I, when the army created flying squadrons and manned them with volunteer pilots from every walk of civilian life. While some of the early pilots came from working class or rural backgrounds, many were wealthy Ivy League students who withdrew from classes in the middle of the year, drawn by the adventure and romance of the new form of warfare.

As the legend goes, one such Ivy League wealthy lieutenant, ordered small, solid-bronze medallions (or coins) struck, which he then presented to the other pilots in his squadron as mementos of their service together. The coins were gold-plated, bore the squadron’s insignia, and were quite valuable. One of the pilots in the squadron, who had never owned anything like the coin, placed it in a leather pouch he wore around his neck for safekeeping. A short while later, this pilot’s aircraft was heavily damaged by ground fire (other sources claim it was an aerial dogfight), forcing him to land behind enemy lines and allowing him to be captured by the Germans. The Germans confiscated the personal belongings from his pockets, but they didn’t catch the leather pouch around his neck. On his way to a permanent prisoner of war facility, he was held overnight in a small German-held French village near the front. During the night, the town was bombarded by the British, creating enough confusion to allow the pilot to escape.

The pilot avoided German patrols by donning civilian attire, but all of his identification had been confiscated so he had no way to prove his identity. With great difficulty, he snuck across no-man’s land and made contact with a French patrol. Unfortunately for him, the French had been on the lookout for German saboteurs dressed as civilians. The French mistook the American pilot for a German saboteur and immediately prepared to execute him.

Desperate to prove his allegiance and without any identification, the pilot pulled out the coin from his leather pouch and showed it to his French captors. One of the Frenchmen recognized the unit insignia on the coin and delayed the execution long enough to confirm the pilot’s identity.

Once the pilot safely returned to his squadron, it became a tradition for all members to carry their coin at all times. To ensure compliance, the pilots would challenge each other to produce the coin. If the challenged couldn’t produce the coin, he was required to buy a drink of choice for the challenger; if the challenged could produce the coin, the challenger would purchase the drink.

This tradition spread to other flying squadrons and, eventually, to other military units in all branches of service and even to non-military organizations. Today, challenge coins are given to members upon joining an organization, as an award to improve morale, and sold to commemorate special occasions.

President Bill Clinton displayed several racks of challenge coins, which had been given to him by U.S. service members, on the credenza behind his Oval Office desk. The challenge coins appear in the background of his official portrait, now hanging in the White House.

CHALLENGING

The tradition of a challenge is the most common way to ensure that members are carrying their unit’s coin. The challenge, which can be held at any time, begins with the challenger drawing his/her coin, and slapping or placing the coin on the table or bar (NOTE: If the coin be accidentally dropped, the challenge is still valid). Everyone being challenged must immediately produce the coin for their organization and anyone failing to do so must buy a round of drinks for the challenger and everyone else who has their challenge coin in their possession. In the event that everyone challenged is able to produce their coin, the challenger must buy a round of drinks for the entire group. If you are able to steal a challenge coin everyone in the group must buy you a drink. During a challenge everyone in the group must buy you a drink if you are the holder of the highest ranking coin.

You can purchase the entire collection of NFL Challenge Coins for your favorite NFL team(s) on the R1, LLC website and the TEAM5 website. Enjoy!

v3.03222014

R1 Flight Operations, LLC (11)

What Is The Flight Time Of The Phantom 4?

Extended Flight Time

With the most advanced propulsion system, a streamlined body and a larger battery, the Phantom 4 achieves a 28 minute flight time. This is a 25% improvement over the already impressive Phantom 3.

What Is The Phantom 3 Flight Time?

Flight times will vary depending on environmental conditions and usage patterns, but the Intelligent Flight Battery is designed to provide up to 23-minutes of uninterrupted flight time when fully charged.

What Does The “P, A, F” Switch On The Remote Controller Do?

This switch, called the Flight Mode Switch, allows you to toggle different flight modes:

P-mode, or Positioning mode, indicates that both GPS and the Vision Positioning System are active and your Phantom 3 will attempt to stabilize using both.

A-mode, or Attitude mode, the aircraft does not use GPS or the Vision Positioning System. Only the barometer is used for stabilization. The aircraft can still return to the Home Point as long as a sufficient GPS signal is available.

F-mode, or Function mode, activates Intelligent Orientation Control (IOC) functionality. Refer to the IOC section in the Appendix of the User Manual.

By default, only P mode may be used (please refer to your user manual for instructions on unlocking the other modes).

Does My Phantom 3 Support Dual Remote Controllers?

No. The included Remote Controller can be used to control both the aircraft and the gimbal tilt at the same time.

Which Mobile Devices Are Compatible With The App?

The DJI Pilot app is only compatible with devices running iOS 8.0 or later or Android v4.1.2 or later.

 

The following devices are recommended:

 

iOS: iPhone 5s, iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPad Air, iPad Air Wi-Fi + Cellular, iPad mini 2, iPad mini 2 Wi-Fi + Cellular, iPad Air 2, iPad Air 2 Wi-Fi + Cellular, iPad mini 3, and iPad mini 3 Wi-Fi + Cellular. This app is optimized for iPhone 5s, iPhone 6, and iPhone 6 Plus
Android: Samsung S5, Note 3, Sony Xperia Z3 , Google Nexus 7 II, Google Nexus 9, Mi 3, Nubia Z7 mini. Support for additional Android devices will become available as testing and development continues.

What Should I Do To Land My Phantom 3 As Smoothly As Possible?

Hover the aircraft over a flat, level surface. Slowly pull the throttle stick down until the aircraft touches the ground.

How Far Can I Fly My Phantom 3?

The signal transmission distance will vary depending on environmental conditions, but the Phantom 3 series can reach distances of up to 1.2 miles (2 kilometers) away from the pilot.

What Is The Differences Between The Phantom 3 Professional And The Phantom 3 Advanced?

THE SHORT ANSWER: The Camera and Intelligent Flight Battery Charger.

 

The biggest difference between the Phantom 3 Professional and the Phantom 3 Advanced is in the camera.

 

The Phantom 3 Professional is capable of shooting spectacular 4K video at up to 30 frames per second, and the Phantom 3 Advanced is capable of shooting at resolutions up to 1080p60.

 

Both models shoot 12 megapixel photos.

 

The other main difference is the Intelligent Flight Battery charger. The Phantom 3 Advanced comes with a 57-watt charging unit and the Phantom 3 Professional comes with a 100-watt charger, the latter of which allows for shorter charging times.

How Do I Use The Director Automatic Video Editor?

Director is an automatic video editor built into the DJI Pilot app. After recording several video clips, simply tap “Director” from the app’s home screen. You can then select a template and a specified number of clips, which are automatically combined to create a short film that can be shared immediately.

How Far Can I Fly My Phantom 4?

The Phantom 4 Can Fly Further and for a Longer Period of Time

Fly for 28 minutes, an increase in effective flight time of 25% from the Phantom 3 Professional. Enjoy 3.1mi (5km) of range, with complete control and a live 720p HD view of everything the camera sees.

What Are The Major Differences Between The Phantom 3 & 4?

What Are the Major Differences Between the Phantom 3 & 4?

THE DJI PHANTOM 4:

VISIONARY INTELLIGENCE .

ELEVATED IMAGINATION.

The following advanced features are found only on the all new DJI Phantom 4 (or they have been added and/or modified):

(1) ActiveTrack allows an aircraft to track a moving subject without a separate GPS tracker. Simply tap on the mobile device screen inside the DJI GO app to select the subject to be tracked. The aircraft will lock on the subject and start tracking it automatically from a safe distance. Tap the Stop button on the left of the screen or pull the pitch stick backward for 3 seconds to exit ActiveTrack. After exiting, the aircraft will hover in place. At this point you may choose to start a new mission or bring the aircraft back to the Home Point;

(2) TapFly means you can fly in any direction with a tap of the finger, without a remote controller. With Obstacle Avoidance turned on, the aircraft will automatically avoid obstacles, slow down or hover when required, provided the scene is bright enough (>300 lux) and not too bright (<10,000 lux);

(3) The Phantom 4 is equipped with an Obstacle Sensing System that constantly scans for obstacles in front of it, allowing it to avoid collisions by going around, over or hovering;

(4) The revolutionary magnesium core embedded into the aircraft greatly increases rigidity, minimizing unwanted vibrations. This ensures the precision and performance of the inertial measurement unit (IMU). The weight of the aircraft is also reduced through this magnesium core;

(5) The Phantom 4 introduces a Sport mode, accessible through a new trio of modes, P, S and A. P (Position) mode is the standard mode, giving access to normal flight as well as Intelligent Flight Modes, ActiveTrack and TapFly. S (Sport) Mode unlocks maximum flight speeds of up to 44mph (72kmh) A (Attitude) Mode remains the same and removes satellite stabilization in flight. It allows the Phantom to move more smoothly and naturally.The ‘Playback’ button on the top right of the remote controller has been changed into a ‘Pause’ button that lets you put the Phantom into hover during any Intelligent Flight Mode, ActiveTrack or TapFly with a tap;

(6) The effective range of the Obstacle Sensing System is 0.7 to 15 meters. Although the DJI GO app will indicate when there are obstacles present, pilots should always be paying attention to the aircraft during flight. The Obstacle Sensing System can be enabled in ActiveTrack, TapFly, Normal mode and all Intelligent Navigation functions. The minimum pixel size that the Obstacle Sensing system can see is 500 pixels;

(7) Major improvements have been made to the Phantom 4 propulsion system. The motor on the Phantom 4 is designed to work with the latest Push-and-Release Propellers. With this locking mechanism, propellers can withstand drastic changes of motor speed, allowing the aircraft to be more agile and more responsive to the pilot command;

(8) Major improvements to the Phantom 4 Intelligent Battery have been made. At sea level in calm environments when flying in ATTI mode, the Phantom 4 can achieve 28 minute flight times. This will vary due to different flight patterns, weather conditions and altitudes;

(9) Major improvements to the Phantom 4 propellers have been made. The new Push-and-Release propellers are faster to install and more secure than the Self Tightening propellers used previously. This security allows them to handle faster acceleration and harder braking;

(10) Major improvements have been made to the Phantom 4 gimbal. The gimbal and camera system is integrated into the body, bringing it closer to the aircraft’s center of gravity. It is also made of a rigid and strong composite material;

(11) Major improvements have been made to the Phantom 4 camera systems. The Phantom 4 camera has been improved in terms of image quality. Chromatic aberration has been reduced by 56% and lens distortion had been reduced by 36% compared to Phantom 3 Professional. In addition to lens improvements, camera firmware has been tweaked to enable the camera to capture 120fps video in full 1080p FHD (the camera’s field of view will be reconfigured to 47° when recording in this mode) for smooth slow motion;

(12) Major improvements have been made to the Phantom 4 in the way of system reliability. A redundant IMU and compass enhances system reliability. The Phantom 4 can constantly compare data received from both IMUs and then navigate itself using the most accurate data. The same is true of the redundant compasses;

(13) Major improvements have been made to the Phantom 4 in the way of live feed. The Phantom 4’s remote control and live feed is based on DJI Lightbridge technology, providing effective control range of up to 3.1mi (5km) in unobstructed areas that are free from interference. Its HD live feed gives you an exact view of your flight, perfect for composing shots;

(14) Major improvements have been made to the Phantom 4 in the way of intelligent Smart Return Home. Smart Return Home which engages the Obstacle Sensing System during return to home flight. If the aircraft sees an obstacle on its way back, it will intelligently avoid it as it comes home; and

(15) Major improvements have been made to the Phantom 4 in the way of Sport Mode & ATTI.

SPORT MODE: The horizontal speed of the Phantom 4 in ATTI mode is 35.8mph (57.6kph).

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SPORT & ATTI MODE: Phantom 4 can fly up to 44.7mph in Sport Mode while in ATTI Mode it can fly up to 35.8mph. Phantom 4 will use GPS/Glonass and its Vision Positioning System to achieve precision while hovering. In ATTI Mode, GPS and Vision Positioning System will not function to aid the aircraft in terms of hovering or navigation.

DJI SPARK (43)

PRODUCT INFO – WHAT ARE THE MAIN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SPARK & MAVIC?

Spark is smaller and lighter than the Mavic Pro, but at the same time supports all of Mavic Pro’s Intelligent Flight Modes. Spark also introduces new features like QuickShot & advanced gesture controls like PalmControl.mavic-2SPARK ARTIC WHITE

HOW DO I CONTROL SPARK?

Control Spark with your mobile device by downloading the DJI GO 4 app or use the remote controller.

 

HOW DO I ACTIVATE SPARK?

There are two ways to activate Spark:

  • Connect Spark with your mobile device and follow the instructions in DJI GO 4 to complete activation; and
  • Tap the top right icon in DJI GO 4’s main page, choose Scan QR Code, and use your mobile device’s camera to scan the QR code in the aircraft’s battery compartment. Follow the instructions in the app to complete activation.

 

WHAT ARE THE RECOMMENDED MICRO SD CARDS FOR SPARK?

Sandisk 16 GB UHS-1 Micro SDHC

Sandisk 32 GB UHS-1 Micro SDHC

Sandisk 64 GB UHS-1 Micro SDHC

Kingston 16 GB UHS-1 Micro SDHC

Kingston 32 GB UHS-1 Micro SDHC

Kingston 64 GB UHS-1 Micro SDHC

Samsung 16GB UHS-I Micro SDHC

Samsung 32GB UHS-I Micro SDHC

Samsung 64GB UHS-I Micro SDXC

IS SPARK WATERPROOF?

No. It is recommended to avoid flying Spark in rain, fog, snow, or wet weather. Also avoid landing in or taking off from puddles, as the chassis is close to the ground.

HOW ABOUT THE CAMERA CAPABILITY & WHAT NEW FUNCTIONS DOES SPARK’S CAMERA HAVE?

Spark supports ShallowFocus & Pano modes, which includes Horizontal and Vertical modes.

 

WHAT IS ShallowFocus?

ShallowFocus creates photos with a shallow depth of field with its 3D vision technology.

WHICH PANO MODES ARE AVAILABLE?

Vertical Mode: The camera will capture three photos vertically, then combine them to make a vertical panorama.
Horizontal Mode: The camera will take nine photos from different angles vertically and horizontally, then combine them to make a horizontal panorama.

 

CAN I CAPTURE PHOTOS OR RECORD VIDEO WITHOUT A MICRO SD CARD WITH SPARK?

Yes, you can. The aircraft will store photos and videos on your mobile device. In this instance, the images captured are actually from the live stream with a photo resolution of 1024×768 and video resolution of 1280×720.

 

VISION – WHAT IS THE MAXIMUM DISTANCE & SPEED AT WHICH SPARK CAN SENSE OBSTACLES?

Spark will automatically avoid obstacles up to 16 ft. (5 m) in front of it. The maximum speed at which Spark is able to sense obstacles is 3 m/s.

WHAT NEW INTELLIGENT FLIGHT MODES DOES SPARK INCLUDE & WHAT SUB-MODES OF TAPFLY DOES SPARK OFFER?

Spark is the first DJI drone to feature new TapFly sub-modes, Coordinate & Direction.

WHAT ABOUT SPARK’S QUICKSHOT MODE?

In QuickShot mode, Spark takes professional shots for you with Rocket, Dronie, Circle, and Helix.

WHAT ABOUT SPARK’S GESTURE MODE?

Spark’s Gesture Mode also includes a new set of advanced gesture recognition capabilities, including PalmControl, Follow, Beckon and PalmLand.SPARK BLUE

WHAT ABOUT A REMOTE CONTROLLER FOR SPARK & WHAT MOBILE DEVICE SIZES FIT INSIDE SPARK’S REMOTE CONTROLLER?

Spark’s remote controller fits mobile devices 6.5×8.5 mm thick and up to 160 mm long, without a phone case. Mobile devices larger than this do not fit the remote controller’s device holder.

HOW DO I UPDATE THE REMOTE CONTROLLER FIRMWARE ON SPARK?

The remote controller firmware can be updated in DJI GO 4.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO FULLY CHARGE THE SPARK REMOTE CONTROLLER & HOW LONG IS SPARKS REMOTE CONTROLLER BATTERY LIFE?

It takes two hours to fully charge the remote controller for up to three hours of operation.

HOW DO I LINK SPARK TO THE REMOTE CONTROLLER?

Press the Pause, Fn, and C1 buttons at the same time. Once the controller starts beeping, release these buttons. With Spark powered on, press and hold the battery power button. When you hear Spark beep, release this button. The linking process/function is now complete.

WHAT WI-FI FREQUENCIES DOES THE REMOTE CONTROLLER SUPPORT?

The remote controller supports 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz dual-band Wi-Fi frequencies.

WHAT ARE THE DIMENSION OF THE SPARK REMOTE CONTROLLER?

The remote controller is approximately 15cm long, 8cm high, and 6cm thick.

WHAT HAPPENS IF THE PROPELLERS ARE NOT FULLY FOLDED BEFORE FLIGHT?

Once the rotors start spinning, centrifugal force will automatically unfold the propellers into the correct position.

SPARK’S MOTORS ARE NOT ALL ON THE SAME PLANE. WILL THIS AFFECT FLIGHT PERFORMANCE?

No. Each motor sits at a 5° angle for optimal flight performance.

WHAT IS THE LATENCY OF SPARK’S VIDEO TRANSMISSION?

The video transmission latency to your mobile device is about 200ms. It is subject to the performance of your mobile device and signal interference.

WHAT IS SPARK’S EFFECTIVE TRANSMISSION RANGE?

When connected to a remote controller:

2.4 GHz
FCC: 1.2 mi (2 km); CE: 0.3 mi (500 m); SRRC: 0.3 mi (500 m) (unobstructed and free of interference)

5.8 GHz
FCC: 1.2 mi (2 km); CE: 0.18 mi (300 m); SRRC: 0.7 mi (1.2 km) (unobstructed and free of interference)

When connected directly to a mobile device:

A max height of 50m and distance of 100m.

CAN FREQUENCY BANDS BE MANUALLY ADJUSTED DURING VIDEO TRANSMISSION?

Yes. Users can manually choose between 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz or let DJI GO 4 choose a frequency band automatically.

WHERE CAN I CHECK SPARK’S WI-FI USERNAME & PASSWORD?

There are three places where you can check this information:

  • The battery compartment on the aircraft (only the default Wi-Fi username and password can be found here);
  • The Settings option in DJI Assistant 2 or DJI GO 4; and
  • The foam outer box (only the default Wi-Fi username and password can be found here).

HOW DO I RESET OR MODIFY SPARK’S WI-FI USERNAME & PASSWORD?

To reset, hold the power button down for 9 seconds until you hear the aircraft beep three times.
To modify, connect your mobile device to Spark, enter the DJI GO 4 app, and modify the Wi-Fi username and password in the Connection Help Menu.
(NOTE: If Spark is connected with DJI Assistant 2 on a computer, restart the aircraft before resetting the Wi-Fi username and password)

IF MY MOBILE DEVICE DOES NOT DETECT SPARK’S WI-FI WHEN I TURN IT ON, WHAT SHOULD I DO?

This may be because Spark was previously connected to the remote controller. To prompt detection, power on the aircraft, then press down on the power button for six seconds until you hear the aircraft beep twice. This indicates that Spark’s Wi-Fi is now detectable on your mobile device.

 

 

HOW DO I CHARGE SPARK’S BATTERY?

Use the included USB cable to charge Spark. During charging, do not remove the battery from the aircraft.

Use the Charging Hub to charge three batteries simultaneously. If using the Charging Hub, you will need to remove the batteries from the aircraft and place them in the Charging Hub.

MY NEWLY PURCHASED BATTER IS NOT RESPONDING WHEN I PRESS THE POWER BUTTON. WHAT SHOULD I DO?

New batteries are shipped in Hibernation Mode. In order to activate your newly purchased battery, charge it fully.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO FULLY CHARGE SPARK’S BATTERY?

When using a standard USB charger, it takes 80 minutes to fully charge a battery;

When using a Charging Hub, it takes 52 minutes to fully charge one battery, 55 minutes when charging two batteries and 85.2 minutes when charging three batteries at the same time.

HOW OFTEN SHOULD I FULLY CHARGE MY SPARK BATTERIES?

It is recommended to fully charge Spark batteries at least once every three months.

WHEN DOES SPARK’S BATTERY ENTER HIBERNATION MODE?

When a battery is less than 10% charged, it will enter Hibernation Mode after approximately six-hours of non-use.

When a battery is completely drained, it will enter Hibernation Mode within 10-minutes of turning off.

 

 

WHAT FUNCTIONS CAN THE POWER BUTTON PERFORM?

  • Turning the battery on and off: Press the power button once, and then press again and hold it down for at least two seconds to turn the battery on or off;
  • Checking the current battery level: Press the power button once to check the current battery level;
  • Linking Spark and the remote controller: Hold down on Spark’s power button for three seconds, and release on hearing a beep. Spark’s front indicators will start to flash in red, signifying Spark and the remote controller have been linked;
  • Delinking Spark and the remote controller: In order to use your mobile device to control Spark, you will need to delink the aircraft and remote controller. Power on Spark, and hold down on Spark’s power button for six seconds until you hear it beep twice. Now Spark and the remote controller have successfully been delinked and you can search for Spark’s Wi-Fi on your mobile device;
  • Resetting Spark’s Wi-Fi username and password: Hold down on the power button for nine seconds, and release after hearing it beep three times. Your Wi-Fi settings will be reset to the factory default; and
  • PalmLaunch: Power on Spark and place it on your palm with the camera facing you. Make sure your fingers are lower than Spark’s arms. Press the power button twice when the flight indicators start to flash green. The indicators will change to a slowly flashing yellow, and FaceAware will begin to recognize your face. The front indicators will turn to green if detection is successful, and PalmLaunch will be activated. If not, the indicators will flash red.

WHAT CAN I DO WITH THE TWO USB PORTS ON SPARK’S CHARGING HUB?

You can charge two mobile devices or your Spark.

UPDATING FIRMWARE – CAN I USE OTHER APPS WHILE DJI GO 4 IS UPDATING?

No. If you do, the update will fail. You will then need to download the firmware and update again.

WHY DOES DJI GO 4 REMIND ME TO RECONNECT TO SPARK’S WI-FI RIGHT BEFORE IT RESTARTS TO COMPLETE THE FIRMWARE UPDATE?

Before the update is complete, Spark will need to restart. Once it does, reconnect your mobile device to Spark’s Wi-Fi. DJI GO 4 is just reminding you that you will need to do this for a successful update.

IF THE SPARK AIRCRAFT OR THE REMOTE CONTROLLER BATTERY LEVELS DROP BELOW 50% DURING AN UPDATE, WILL THE UPDATE FAIL?

No, but it is recommended that both have a high level of battery charge during the update.

WHAT SHOULD I DO IF THE AIRCRAFT & BATTERY FIRMWARE VERSIONS ARE INCONSISTENT?

Connect Spark to DJI GO 4, and the app will inform you of appropriate updates to ensure consistency.

WHAT SHOULD I DO IF THE SPARK UPDATE IS REALLY SLOW?

Please wait patiently and do not operate Spark or the remote controller during the update. Usually, it takes two minutes to update the remote controller and five minutes to update Spark. If the update process is taking much longer, please check your internet connection or move to a different environment. You could also restart Spark and the remote controller to begin the update again.

WHAT FACTORS COULD LEAD TO AN UPDATE FAILURE?

  • Low battery level. Make sure the battery level is higher than 50%;
  • Powering off Spark or the remote controller during the update. If this happens, please restart Spark/remote controller and begin the update again;
  • Internet disconnection when downloading firmware;
  • Aircraft and remote controller firmware version inconsistency. Use DJI GO 4 to update the aircraft and remote controller to the latest version;
  • It is recommended that you use DJI Assistant 2 on your computer to update your aircraft; and
  • Please note that Spark will restart once the update finishes.